Nationals of European Economic Area countries* or from Monaco or Switzerland may move freely. They may travel to Belgium on the strength of a national passport or identity card.
All other nationalities should apply for a student visa (type D) with the Belgian embassy or consulate in their current country of residence before leaving for Belgium, if they want to stay in Belgium for longer than 3 months. Exceptions to this rule may be possible if you hold a passport or a residence permit for a Schengen country. If this is the case, please contact the embassy or consulate for more information.
More information on the application procedure can be found at http://diplomatie.belgium.be/en/services/travel_to_belgium/
Addresses of the Belgian embassy or consulate in your home country can be found at http://diplomatie.belgium.be/en/services/embassies_and_consulates/belgian_embassies_and_consulates_abroad/
For some countries, approval by the Belgian authorities can take up to 3 months or longer. It is therefore necessary that you start the visa application procedure well in advance! Students are urged not to come on a tourist visa, unless they wish to return after 3 months.
*EEA: EU + Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein