This course focuses on the basic aspects of metrology as a science, including a general theory of measurements, a theory of measurement error, principles for providing unified measurements, establishment of systems of units of measurement and the creation of corresponding standards, and the development of methods and means of measurement.

This course offers an overview of topics regarding measurement, providing general guidelines for the operationalization of abstract concepts through the construction of indicators and the design of data collection instruments (e.g., questionnaires). 

Course contents

At the end of this course, participants are able to:
• Know about basic aspects of measurement (validity, reliability, precision, discriminating power, measurement scale)
• Understand the design and limitations of commonly used data collections methods (secondary data; primary data including observation, interviewing, and content analysis)
• Deal with problems that might occur in the data collection phase (non-response, reflexivity)
• Anticipate on problems that might occur in the data analysis phase (analysis design, power considerations, missing data, confounders, extraneous variables)

Target audience / prerequisites

The course is open to young researchers (especially PhD students and postdocs) from any field of research.