The molecular processes which underpin cellular and organismal functions are very complicated and our knowledge and understanding of these processes remains rather limited. However, the development of a number of highly advanced technologies for performing high resolution imaging of these cellular functions has revolutionised biological science. These are the so-called "-omics" - disciplines that carry out research into the structural and functional organisation of cells and systems at the level of the gene (genomics and transcriptomics), protein (proteomics) and metabolism (metabolomics).
The research carried out in this field focuses on the integrated analysis of the processes mentioned above and the crucial role played by molecular and cellular signalling within an organism. The objective is to understand how the system works, from beginning to end. Various plant and animal models are used, with all kinds of applications in biomedical, biotechnological, ecophysiological and ecotoxicological research.