Education and Dissemination


The purpposeof the educational component of this chair is to transfer the developments in imaging technology to the field of art history and conservation. In particular a course entitled 'innovative imaging techniques for conservation' will be lectured at the Master students in Conservation-Restoration of the University of Antwerp. The students will be informed of the existence and potential of new technologies for non-destructive imaging. This is a theoretical course of 6 credits (i.e. 36 hours of lecture) during which the underlying principles of several recently improved or developed imaging methods are explained. A syllabus is provided. In this way the new generation of conservators will be up to date on this topic when entering the field of action, making them more competitive with respect to their European counterparts.

In addition to that, a course entitled 'Materials and Degradation' is lectured to the Master students of Heritage Studies (Erfgoedstudies) of the University of Antwerp. In this course (3 credits - 24 hours of lecture) a typical technical research methodology is imparted to the students. Although this course is more general, special attention will be given to innovative imaging techniques. In this way, the additional funds acquired through the chair will be employed to significantly increase the quality of education of the future care-takers of our cultural heritage. Each year, the interns of the KIK-IRPA are invited to take part in the courses, free of charges. Finally, guest lectures are given to the students conservation of La Cambre in Brussels.

The chair will also contribute to the training of art historians in Belgium as the aspect of 'technical art history' occupies an increasingly important position in exhibition and studies of important artists. For that reason guest lectures are given to Master students of the Catholic University of Leuven (Department of Art History, Faculty of Arts and Sciences) and the Université Libre de Bruxelles.


Geert Van der Snickt, Anna Martins, John Delaney, Koen Janssens, J. Zeibel, M. Duffy, C. McGlinchey, Birgit Van Driel  and Joris Dik. Exploring a hidden painting below the surface of René Magritte’s ‘Le portrait’. Microchemical Journal, accepted.

Geert Van der Snickt, Stijn Legrand, Joost Caen, Frederik Vanmeert, Matthias Alfeld, Koen Janssens. Chemical imaging of stained-glass windows by means of macro X-ray fluorescence (MA-XRF) scanning. Microchemical Journal 124 (2016) 615–622.

Frederik Vanmeert, Geert Van der Snickt and Koen Janssens. Plumbonacrite Identified by X-ray Powder Diffraction Tomography as a Missing Link during Degradation of Red Lead in a Van Gogh Painting. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2015, 54, 1 – 5.

Karen Trentelman, Koen Janssens, Geert Van der Snickt, Yvonne Szafran, Anne T. Woollett, Joris Dik. Rembrandt’s An Old Man in Military Costume: the underlying image re-examined. Applied Physics A-Materials Science & Processing 121, 3 (2015) 801-811.

Nancy Turner, Karen Trentelman, Catherine Schmidt Patterson, Joris Dik, Geert Van der Snickt, Koen Janssens. Macro-XRF Scanning of Illuminations: An improved method for non-invasive analysis of illuminated manuscripts. Proceedings of ‘Inside Illuminations: Art Technical Research and the Illuminated Manuscript’, Brussels, KIK-IRPA, 5 June 2014.

Joost Caen, Stijn Legrand, Geert Van Der Snickt, Koen Janssens . Macro X-Ray Fluorescence (MA-XRF) Scanning: A new and efficient Method For Documenting Stained-Glass Panels. Proceedings of the International Forum for the conservation of Stained Glass, Paris July 8th-10th 2015.

Codart eZine 6 summer 2015 – Special issue on technical research: Curator’s interview - Geert Van der Snickt interviewed by Vanessa Paumen.

Letizia Monico,Koen Janssens, Ella Hendriks, Frederik Vanmeert, Geert Van der Snickt, Marine Cotte, Gerald Falkenberg, Brunetto G. Brunetti and sCostanza Miliani. Evidence for Degradation of the Chrome Yellows in Van Gogh’s Sunflowers: A Study Using Noninvasive In Situ Methods and Synchrotron-Radiation-Based X-ray Techniques. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2015, 54, 1 – 6

Koen Janssens, Matthias Alfeld, Geert Van der Snickt, Wout De Nolf, Frederik Vanmeert, Letizia Monico, Stijn Legrand,  Joris Dik, Marine Cotte, Gerald Falkenberg, Luuk Van Der Loeff, Margje Leeuwestein and Ella Hendriks. Examination of Vincent van Gogh’s Paintings and Pigments by Means of State-of-the-art Analytical Methods. Chapter 18 in Science and Art: The Painted Surface Eds. by Antonio Sgamellotti, Brunetto G. Brunetti and Costanza Miliani. The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015.

(Social) media

Lecture on MA-XRF scanning on stained glass on youtube:

Day of Science 2015: contribution  on

Time lapse movie of the scans on the Ghent Altarpiece on youtube:

Time lapse movie of the scans on 'St Jerome in Prayer' by van H. Bosch on youtube:

Time lapse movie of the scans on majolica tableau ‘The Fall of Paul’ on youtube:

Academic Courses

Innovative Imaging Techniques in Conservation:

36 hours - 6 credits, Master in Conservation-Restoration (UA): 2014-15 2015-16 2016-2017

Materials and Degradation:

24 hours - 3 credits, Master in Heritage Studies (UA): 2016-17

Guest lectures - Master in Art history:

Catholic University of Louvain (KUL) 2014-15 2016-17

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB): 2014-15 2016-17

Guest lectures for Conservators:

La Cambre, Brussels, 2014-15


MA-XRF scanning: the bigger picture:

Organisation of an international seminar on MA-XRF scanning. more information on:

Ensor’s creative process: technique, concept, image:

co-organisation of an international seminar on James Ensor in collaboration with KMSKA. More information on:


Februari 2015: Inaugurale lezing, Rubenshuis, Antwerpen. Spectroscopische beeldtechnieken: de missing link tussen erfgoed en natuurwetenschappen


Juni 2015: Computational Art History, RijksmuseumAmsterdam. Analytical Imaging by means of Macro-XRF scanning.


Juni 2015: Invited speaker Technart conference, Catania, Sicilië. Analytical Imaging of Stained-glass panels.


November 2015: Ensor’s creative process: technique, concept, image. Universiteit Antwerpen. Innovative chemical imaging techniques applied on easel paintings by Ensor


November 2015: Dag Van de Wetenschap. Doorlopende presentatie van Scans op het werk van J.D. De Heem op groot scherm. Rockoxhuis, Antwerpen. In samenwerking met het KMSKA en het Rockoxhuis.


November 2015: Power Flower tentoonstelling, Rockoxhuis, Antwerpen. Presentatie van Scans op het werk van J.D. De Heem in de audiovisuele ruimte en online op

In samenwerking met het KMSKA en het Rockoxhuis.


December 2015: Universiteit Antwerpen - Dag van de Schenkers in het Rockoxhuis, Antwerpen. Chemische beeldvorming toegepast op schilderijen.