A lot of opportunities exist to further improve safety and security within the chemical supply chain through more intensive collaboration. The ARGoSS researchers are currently investigating the requirements (prerequisites) for enhancing collaborative initiatives - horizontally as well as vertically - within the chemical industry, leading to amelioration of chemical logistics safety and security. The three different collaboration levels (strategic, tactical, and operational) are actually subject to different cooperation characteristics which are to be employed for successful safety and security improvements.
Furthermore, multimodal transport is very much prevalent in the chemical industry, using road, railway, barges, ships, and pipelines to transport goods. By transporting chemical products by the most optimal mode, and e.g. move goods from road onto rail, ship or pipeline or vice versa where deemed needed, the chemical industry and its Logistics Service Providers can greatly improve their safety, security, and sustainability scores, as well as obtain financial benefits from the optimization exercise. However, multimodal planning is more diﬃcult than unimodal planning, both on an operational (i.e. planning of individual shipments), and on a tactical/strategic level (i.e. planning of ﬂows of goods through the network) and therefore has an even stronger need for support by transportation risk analysis optimization. It requires academics, industry, and policy makers collaborating on different fronts. ARGoSS currently investigates how multi-modal hazmat transportation may be optimized.