Artisanal or industrial conflict minerals?

Nik Stoop, Marijke Verpoorten and Peter van der Windt
Analysis and Policy Brief 39

There is strong evidence that mining activities fuel local conflict. However, so far no distinction has been made between the two main modes of mineral extraction: artisanal and industrial mining. Making this distinction is important: while policymakers cannot change the location of minerals, they have decision power over the extraction mode. In a recent paper, we find that the mode of mineral extraction, as well as their interaction, have very different implications for local conflict.

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