Hester Postma and Sara Geenen
Analysis and Policy Brief 40

In response to growing international concerns over mineral extraction and trade contributing to human rights violations and conflict financing, recent US (Dodd-Frank) and EU legislations have focused on transparency and due diligence in mineral supply chains. This means that in theory, mineral buying companies higher up in the supply chain should continuously monitor their suppliers and stop buying from them they identify risks. But does this work? What happens when risks are identified? How can private actors be held to account? We have studied ITSCI certification in Rwanda and found several flaws when due diligence is put into practice.