The case of ‘double’ mining and conservation frontiers: evidence from DRC and Madagascar

Marketta Vuola and Fergus Simpson
Discussion paper 2021.07

This article contributes to the literature on commodity frontiers by providing evidence from locales where two different frontiers overlap. We focus on intersecting commodity frontiers produced through biodiversity conservation and mineral extraction that increasingly compete for control over land and resources.

Changing intrahousehold decision making to empower women in their households: a mixed methods analysis of a field experiment in rural south-west Tanzania

Els Lecoutere and Lan Chu
Discussion paper 2021.06

This study assesses the impact of an intervention that challenges gender relations by introducing a more participatory way of intrahousehold decision making on women’s empowerment in monogamous agricultural households in Tanzania. 

Sharing the little there is: towards a durable refugee-host relationship in Northern Uganda

Sarah Vancluysen
Discussion paper 2021.05

This paper explores the nature of the relationship between South Sudanese refugees and their Ugandan hosts. Situated in northern Uganda, a context characterized by chronic underdevelopment and poverty, it examines if and how peaceful coexistence between nationals and refugees is maintained.

Beyond Samuragwa’s sweet and sour succession: a closer look at Burundi’s 2020 elections

Stef Vandeginste 
Discussion paper 2021.04

Unlike the 2015 elections, Burundi’s 2020 general elections did not plunge the country into chaos. They rather illustrate how elections can be used for authoritarian consolidation. As expected, they enhanced the ruling party’s control on the state, thus consolidating a decade of gradual return towards a de facto single-party regime. A closer look at the elections sheds light on some important political governance developments and challenges.

When the hidden transcript storms centre stage: from slow to sudden violence in eastern DRCongo’s Kahuzi-Biega National Park

Fergus O'Leary Simpson
Discussion paper 2021.03

It has been argued that protected areas give rise to forms of incremental ‘slow’ violence when populations are displaced from their lands and resources. The literature has shown how this can lead communities living at the edge of national parks to resist conservation regulations, often through everyday strategies designed to go under the radar of park authorities. I make an original contribution to this debate by exploring how conditions of slow violence and practices of covert resistance surrounding conservation projects can over time be transformed into forms of overt resistance and a state of ‘sudden’ violence. 

How to understand ex-combatants’ political participation against the background of rebel-to-party transformations?

Eliane Giezendanner and Bert Ingelaere
Discussion paper 2021.02
How do ex-combatants participate politically in the context of their rebel movement hav-ing transformed into a political party? What factors shape and structure these forms of participation? And what heuristic framework can guide the study of this topic in a variety of contexts in order to fill important knowledge gaps?

Abordaje de la venta ambulante en Guayaquil - Ecuador

Lisette Villacrés y Sara Geenen 
Discussion paper 2021.01

Las políticas de regeneración urbana que tienen por objeto “embellecer” el espacio público, han tenido impactos disímiles, en particular en lo que respecta a la restricción del acceso al espacio público de algunos grupos considerados “indeseables” en el nuevo paisaje urbano.