One of the most debated topics in the philosophy of literature is the relation between literature and truth. Philosophers have articulated this relationship in many different ways, but it is remarkable that they have often investigated this relation starting from the realist novel of the 19th century. Yet the novel has undergone an important transformation with the rise of the modernist novel. This means that many of the philosophical theories on the novel's truth-value are unable to give an account of the meaning of literary artworks of the 20th or 21st century. Therefore, this project aims to investigate the novel's truth-value starting from the modernist novel. In particular, this project focuses on hermeneutic and deconstructionist theories on (modernist) literature and its relation to truth.