This project has the ambition to implement an EbA PES scheme for the involved regions. WP1 will look at this challenge from the perspective of policy and will bring together buyers and brokers to identify, discus and resolve the institutional, juridical, political and ethical issues that may be associated with EbA PES schemes.
A reality check will be done by running the project's investments (actual implementations of EbA measures) to a virtual application procedure(s) for EbA PES funding. From that exercise, we will deduct the practical/juridical/financial/ethical issues that would have been encountered. WP1 will deliver a common approach and action plan to implement the rewarding scheme for EbA. It also will deliver policy recommendations and guidelines that are specific for the involved regions.
Randomly implementing measures is often not very effective. We want to select those sites that have the highest potential to have impact on hydrological resilience. Therefor WP2 will develop a spatial prioritization tool. Based on soil, topography and hydrology we will identify the potential hotspots for infiltration and retention and check their current status. Initially, we will use methods available within the partnership and apply these on the investment sites (WP4). This practical test and input from literature review will be the basis for selecting final methods and implementing them in a practical tool.
WP3 takes the spatial prioritisation further on. Identifying a physical potential for EbA measures is only the first step. WP3 addresses the Who, Where and What questions in a participatory VISION building process with SELLERS under the coordination of a BROKER.
Each region will set up a participation process to determine a long term vision on the implementation of EbA measures. Starting from questioning What is needed to achieve hydrological resilience against droughts, objectives are set to increase natural supply. These objectives are then translated to a long term spatial vision and roadmap.
Spatial scenarios are assessed, using a beta version of the impact assessment tool that is under development in WP2. Initially, we will apply the ES-quantification methods that are available within the partnership, but we will review, explore and implement other available methods. Again the investment sites will be used to evaluate the methods. Each investment site (from WP4) delivers a spatial explicit development scenario, which will be used as input to test the available ES-quantification methods. The tool quantifies impacts on hydrology (recharge rates, river base flow and water quality aspects) and several other co-benefits (e.g. air quality improvement, recreation, carbon sequestration, …
The discourses (concerns, attidudes, perceptions) of stakeholders will be captured and exchanged between the partners. The pro and contra arguments and potential responses will be structured and analysed. These insights will form the generic building blocks to develop a collective approach to spatial planning for EbA measures.
In addition, this will be used to develop a communication strategy on water scarcity and EbA, adapted to various target groups (water sector, farmers, forest owners, spatial planners; governments). This strategy will be implemented in a communication campaign for the respective target groups. The investment sites play a crucial role as a proof of concept. Information panes will be places at key locations, field visits will be organized and a glossy brochure will be distributed.
Methods for quantification, can be found here.