Below is a description of my research interests, and publications.  Many of these publications can be downloaded on my or researchgate pages.

1. The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

My main current research focus is on the LRA conflict, particularly since the group moved to the DRC. I am particularly interested in the production of knowledge on the LRA. I am currently writing up a number of publications on this issue, mainly based on my field research in the last 3 years in the affected areas in North Eastern DRC. I am currently writing up a number of pieces on this subject - a first article is published in African Affairs. Online pieces on this subject can be found on the Monkey Cage blog/Washington posthere, here (African Arguments blog) and here (Al Jazeera op-ed).

I have also been working on rebel movements in central Africa such as the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) or the 'Force Armées du Peuple Congolais' (FAPC).

Selected publications:

Titeca, Kristof and Théophile Costeur (2015) ‘An LRA for everyone. How different actors frame the Lord’s Resistance Army’.  African Affairs.

Titeca, K., Vlassenroot, K. (2012) ‘Rebels without borders in the Rwenzori borderland? A biography of the Allied Democratic ForcesJournal of Eastern African Studies (special issue ‘Uganda from the margins’) 6(1): 154-176.

Titeca, K., (2011) Access to Resources and Predictability in Armed Rebellion: The FAPC’s Short-lived ‘Monaco’ in Eastern Congo . Afrika Spectrum, 2/2011: 43-70.

Titeca, K. (2010) 'The spiritual order of the LRA' in: Allen, T., Vlassenroot, K. The Lord's Resistance Army: Myth and Reality. London, Zed Books: 59-73.

Adam, J., De Cordier, B., Titeca, K. and Vlassenroot, K. (2007) In the Name of the Father?’ Christian Militantism in Northern Uganda, Tripura (India) and Ambon (Indonesia),Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 30:1–21


2.  Informal cross-border trade

I have a research interest in informal cross-border trade in the borderlands of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda and Sudan; with particular attention to the West Nile region in north-Western Uganda. For this, I have been working on a postdoctoral project (2009 - 2012) of the Research Fund – Flanders entitled “The crossborder informal economy in Sub-Saharan Africa: criminalisation or survival option?”.

Selected publications:

Titeca, K., Flynn, R. (April 2014) ‘Hybrid Governance’, Legitimacy, and (Il)legality in the Informal Cross-Border Trade in Panyimur, Northwest Uganda. African Studies Review.

Twijnstra, R., Hilhorst, T., Titeca, K.  (2014) ‘Trade networks and the practical norms of taxation at a border crossing between South Sudan and Northern Uganda’  Journal of Eastern African Studies

Schomerus, M., Titeca, K. (2012) 'Deals and Dealings: Inconclusive Peace and Treacherous Trade along the South Sudan-Uganda Border' Afrika Spectrum 47(-3): 5-31.

Titeca, K., Kimanuka, C. (2012) ‘ Walking in the dark. Informal cross-border trade in the Great Lakes Region’. London: International Alert.

Titeca, K. (2012) ‘Tycoons and contraband: informal cross-border trade in West Nile, north-western Uganda’Journal of Eastern African Studies (special issue ‘Uganda from the margins’) 6(1): 47-63. The paper can be downloaded here

Titeca, K., (2011) Access to Resources and Predictability in Armed Rebellion: The FAPC’s Short-lived ‘Monaco’ in Eastern Congo. Afrika Spectrum, 2/2011: 43-70. 

Titeca, K., De Herdt, T. (2010) 'Regulation, cross-border trade and practical norms in West Nile, north-western Uganda 'Africa 80(4): 573-594. 

Titeca, K. (2009) 'The 'Masai' and Miraa: public authority, vigilance and criminality in a Ugandan border town' Journal of Modern African Studies 47(2): 219- 317

Titeca, K. (2009) “The changing Cross-border Trade Dynamics between North-western Uganda, North-eastern Congo and Southern Sudan”, Crisis States Working Paper 63 series 2, London School of Economcis and Political Science,Crisis States Research Centre, London. 

Titeca, K. (2006) ‘Les OPEC boys en Ouganda, trafiquants de pétrole et acteurs politiques’Politique Africaine, n°103 : 143-159.

 A recent interest in this research stream is the regulation of informal economic activities in urban contexts:

Goodfellow, T., Titeca, K. (2012) Presidential intervention and the changing 'politics of survival' in Kampala's informal economy.  Cities 29(4): 264 – 270. The paper can also be accessed (free of charge) here.

A blog post and summary of the paper can be found here

3. Public services in so-called ‘failed’ states.

This research takes the ‘real governance’ or ‘hybrid governance’ of particular sectors as a starting point, instead of the ‘failed state’ concept. In doing so, it is shown how services continue to be provided in an evolving negotiation process between state and non-state actors. The negotiated nature of statehood and the power differentials between the various actors, involve constant renegotiation; which makes that regulation depends on power figurations in particular localities and particular times, in which there is a ‘loose coupling’ between state bureaucracies and actual practices.

Currently, I have a particular focus on taxation in the Democratic Republic of Congo, particular among the Congolese police (ongoing research).

Key publications:

De Herdt, T., Titeca, K. ‘Privatisation or loose coupling? Understanding Governance with empty pockets in the education sector in the DRC’. Work in progress.

Twijnstra, R., Titeca, K. 'Everything changes to remain the same? State reform in South Sudan'. Work in progress.

Meagher, K. De Herdt, T., Titeca, K. Unravelling public authority. Paths of hybrid governance in Africa. IS Academy Research Brief 10, March 2014.

Titeca, K., De Herdt, T. and Wagemakers, I. (2013) ‘God and Caesar in the Democratic Republic of Congo: negotiating church-state relations through the management of school fees in Kinshasa’s Catholic schools’  Review of African Political Economy , 40 (135), March 2013: 116–131

De Herdt, T., Titeca, K., Wagemakers, I. (2012) Make schools, not war? Donors’ rewriting of the social contract in the DRC. Development Policy Review 30(6): 681-701

Titeca, K., De Herdt, T. (2011) 'Real governance beyond the "failed state": negotiating the education sector in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)' African Affairs 110(439):213-231.

De Herdt, T., Titeca, K.  and Wagemakers, I. (2011) Making Investment in Education part of the Peace Dividend in DRC”,in: UNESCO (ed.)  The hidden Crisis: Armed Conflict and Education, Paris, UNESCO.

De Herdt, T., Titeca, K. & I. Wagemakers (2010) 'Aider l'état à délivrer le dividende de paix: le cas de l'éducation en RDC', in: Marysse, S., Reyntjens, F. et S. Vandeginste (eds.) L'Afrique des Grands Lacs. Annuaire 2009-2010. Paris: L'Harmattan, pp.151-174.

Several chapters were written for the report  De Herdt Tom [edit.], Poncelet M..-Enjeux et acteurs autour de la réduction des frais scolaires en RDC : rapport final Glasgow: DFID, 2010   


4. Past projects:

For my Phd, I was interested in the different effects of social capital on community associations and  the influence of outside interventions.

Key publications 

Vervisch, T., Titeca, K., Vlassenroot, K., Braeckman, J. (2013) 'Social Capital and Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Burundi: The Limits of Community-based Reconstruction' Development and Change 44(1): 147-174.

Vervisch, T., Titeca, K. (2010) Bridging community associations in post-conflict Burundi: the difficult merging of social capital endowments and new ‘institutional settings’Journal of Modern African Studies 48(3): 485-511.

Titeca, K., Vervisch, T. (2008) ‘The dynamics of social capital and community associations in Uganda: linking capital and its consequences’. World Development 36 (11): 2205-2222.


5.     Op-ed

Titeca, Kristof and Matthew Sebastian (2014) ‘Why did Invisible Children dissolve?’. The Washington Post, Opinion, 30 December 2014.

Titeca, Kristof (2014) ‘An “LRA for everyone?” Constructing knowledge of rebel groups’. The Washington Post, Opinion, 17 December 2014.

Meagher, K., De Herdt, T., Titeca, K. (2014) Hybrid Governance in Africa: Buzzword or Paradigm shift? African Arguments, 25 April 2014.

Titeca, K. (2014) ‘Uganda’s anti-homosexuality bill: beyond a single explanation’ African Arguments, 07 Maart 2014.

Titeca, K. (2014) ‘De kritiek op Oeganda is onhandig’. De Standaard, 26 Februari 2014.

Titeca, K. (2014) De anti-homo wet in Uganda: It’s the politics, stupid!. MO blog, 21/02/14.

Titeca, K. (2013) Governance and post-conflict reconstruction in Northern Uganda, the Justice and Security Research Program blog, London School of Economics, 13 December 2013.

Titeca, K. (2013) “The (LRA) conflict: beyond the LRA lobby & the hunt for Kony… and towards civilian protection” African Arguments, 17 May 2013.

Titeca, K. (2013) “Ivory beyond the LRA: why a broader focus is needed in studying poaching” African Arguments, 17 September 2013.

Titeca, K., Vlassenroot, K. (2012) 'Post het YouTubefilmpje over Joseph Kony nog niet, lees eerst dit stuk' De Morgen, 13/03/12.

Vlassenroot, K., Titeca, K., Flaam, H. (2011) 'Team America's jacht op Joseph Kony' De Morgen, 30/10/11

Titeca K., Vlassenroot K., Van Puijenbroek J. (2011) ‘Het meest vergeten conflict ter wereld’ De Morgen, 6 September 2011.  

Titeca, K. 'The winner takes it all: verkiezingen, geld en budgetsteun in Uganda' Mo Opinie, 07 April 2011  

De Herdt, T., Wagemakers, I., Titeca, K. (2010) 'Heeft Congo kans van slagen?' Mo Paper N°50, December 2010. 

Titeca, K., Vlassenroot, K. (2010) 'Stop het LRA' De Standaard, 03 April 2010.

Titeca, K., Van Puijenbroek, J., Vlassenroot, K. (2009) ‘Vergeet het vergeten conflict niet’ De Standaard, 30 Juli 2009.

Titeca, K. (2007) ‘De dubbelzinnige houding van het Westen naar Uganda’, De Standaard, 23 November 2007

Titeca, K. (2006) ‘De Nachtwandelaars van Noord Uganda’ De Morgen, 1 April 2006.

Titeca, K. ‘Oeganda, religieus geweld met strategische functies’, in: Vrede. Tijdschrijft voor Internationale Politiek, 49/381, september-oktober 2006, pp.34-37