Continuity and Contingency: the CNDD-FDD and its transformation from rebel movement to governing political party in Burundi

Date: 17 March 2017

Venue: UAntwerp - Stadscampus - IOB - Building S - Promotion Hall - Grauwzusters, Lange Sint-Annastraat 7 - 2000 Antwerpen (route: UAntwerpen, Stadscampus)

Time: 5:00 PM - 7:00 PM

Organization / co-organization: IOB

PhD candidate: Ntagahoraho Z. Burihabwa

Principal investigator: Filip Reyntjens (IOB), Stef Vandeginste (IOB)

Short description: PhD defence Ntagahoraho Z. Burihabwa - IOB


The dissertation analyses the Conseil national pour la Défense de la Démocratie – Forces pour la Défense de la Démocratie (CNDD-FDD) and its path from rebellion to government in Burundi. In doing so, it illuminates the dynamics behind the CNDD-FDD’s historic evolution and eventual transformation from rebel movement to a political party, as well as its subsequent, almost immediate ascent to power after the 2005 elections.

It provides a first detailed history of the CNDD-FDD from its creation in 1994 to its second electoral victory in 2010. While uncovering a huge amount of original material, it draws significantly from qualitative interviews with key actors. While focusing on the CNDD-FDD, it also unearths new insights that relate to the emergence of Hutu-affiliated politico-military movements between the 1960s and 1990s, the Burundi civil war between 1993 and 2006, the Congo war(s) between 1996 and 2003, as well as post-war political developments in Burundi, including the 2015 electoral crisis and its aftermath.

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