Overcoming Resistance to Compliance: Internationalization of Production and the Politics of WTO Dispute Settlement

Date: 21 September 2017

Venue: Stadscampus, de Meerminne, aula M.002 - St-Jacobsstraat 2 - 2000 Antwerpen (route: UAntwerpen, Stadscampus)

Time: 4:00 PM

PhD candidate: Aydin Yildirim

Principal investigator: Prof Dirk De Bièvre

Short description: PhD defence Aydin Yildirim - Department of Political Science


This dissertation aims to explain the conditions under which governments are more cooperative in the international trade regime. I examine the responses of World Trade Organization (WTO) Members to litigation at the WTO dispute settlement mechanism and answer the following research question: under what conditions do WTO Members swiftly comply with adverse WTO panel rulings? I posit that the degree of integration in international production chains of firms and sectors affected by a WTO dispute influences Members’ propensity to change domestic policies when targeted in WTO litigation. The initiation of a WTO dispute against firms and sectors that highly internationalized their production activities engenders the emergence of a domestic coalition of pro-trade liberalization groups composed of exporters seeking to avoid the imposition of retaliatory measures and import-dependent firms wishing to exploit the opportunity to access cheaper imports. Under these circumstances, trade-liberalizing responses to WTO legal challenges are therefore more likely. I demonstrate the validity of my theory in a mixed-method design by using a Cox proportional hazard model, qualitative comparative analyses (QCA) and case studies.

Registration: Before18 September by mail to aydin.yildirim@uantwerpen.be

Contact email: aydin.yildirim@uantwerpen.be

Link: https://www.uantwerpen.be/en/rg/acim/