Overcoming Resistance to Compliance: Internationalization of Production and the Politics of WTO Dispute Settlement
21 September 2017
Stadscampus, de Meerminne, aula M.002 - St-Jacobsstraat 2 - 2000 Antwerpen (route: UAntwerpen, Stadscampus
Prof Dirk De Bièvre
PhD defence Aydin Yildirim - Department of Political Science
This dissertation aims to explain the conditions under which governments are more cooperative in the international trade regime. I examine the responses of World Trade Organization (WTO) Members to litigation at the WTO dispute settlement mechanism and answer the following research question: under what conditions do WTO Members swiftly comply with adverse WTO panel rulings? I posit that the degree of integration in international production chains of firms and sectors affected by a WTO dispute influences Members’ propensity to change domestic policies when targeted in WTO litigation. The initiation of a WTO dispute against firms and sectors that highly internationalized their production activities engenders the emergence of a domestic coalition of pro-trade liberalization groups composed of exporters seeking to avoid the imposition of retaliatory measures and import-dependent firms wishing to exploit the opportunity to access cheaper imports. Under these circumstances, trade-liberalizing responses to WTO legal challenges are therefore more likely. I demonstrate the validity of my theory in a mixed-method design by using a Cox proportional hazard model, qualitative comparative analyses (QCA) and case studies.
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