Essays on dry port planning and development with application to Vietnam

Date: 13 November 2017

Venue: University of Antwerp, Promotiezaal Grauwzusters - Lange SInt-Annastraat 7 - 2000 Antwerp (route: UAntwerpen, Stadscampus)

Time: - 2:00 PM

PhD candidate: Nguyen Canh Lam

Principal investigator: Prof T. Notteboom

Short description: PhD defence Nguyen Canh Lam - Faculty of Applied Economics


This research focuses on dry ports as a key notion in port-hinterland development. The ultimate objective of this research is to assist the decision makers in planning and developing the dry port system, with the application to the Vietnam context. It consists of a collection of essays organized around six research questions.

Firstly, we examine the role of dry ports in a supply chain perspective and explore the reasons behind the emergence and development of inland node system. Discussions of dry ports’ impacts on different levels are presented afterward.

Secondly, we define the dry port’s characteristics based on the literature review and synthesize. An overview of existing dry ports worldwide is then presented to realize the similarities of working dry ports. After that, we limit our research to our own definition of dry port.

Thirdly, we carry out a statistical analysis over a global sample of dry ports to discover how dry port parameters are influenced by (1) different terminal settings, (2) specifications of the seaports, and (3) the transporting leg linking dry ports and seaports. We test five hypotheses and discuss how the findings could be applied to the dry port planning and development from different stakeholders’ perspectives.

Fourthly, we present the case study of dry port system in Vietnam. We first review the current transport system of the country. Next, we carried out a SWOT analysis of the dry port system in Vietnam to provide insights in the overall background to the case study. After that, we point out seven recommendations for decision makers for developing the inland node system in Vietnam.

Fifthly, we develop a conceptual framework for selecting the best dry port location with the focus on developing countries. The framework follows the multi-criteria approach with (1) the inclusion of multiple stakeholders’ perspectives, (2) the inclusion of softer location factors and indicators, and (3) an explicit considerations of dry port characteristics in developing countries. We apply the framework to a case study of Vietnam.

Sixth, we build a conceptual framework to support decision makers in selecting the best public private partnership model for dry port development. We focus on a classification of four PPP categories: contracting out, inland terminal concession, field concession and privatized ownership. The proposed framework is applied to the Vinh Phuc ICD project in Vietnam.

The final chapter reviews the main findings of the dissertation and formulate conclusions and recommendations for further researches.