In this course a broad series of materials (Materials Science) is dealt with for a range of different applications. Materials choice is based on the knowledge of the chemical composition and properties of the materials. Therefore, a good understanding of the atomic structure and the tuning possibilities of the materials is also of importance.
The following materials will be discussed: porous silica solids, metals and their crystal structures, steel and non-ferro metals (alloys), semi-conductors and ceramics. An overview of the most important preparation procedures will be given, as well as the microscopic material properties. Concepts of crystal geometry, crystal defects and diffusion aspects are dealt with. As for the porous solids, a detailed porosity analysis is discussed based on gas adsorption techniques. Also the macroscopic properties (such as hardness, brittle and stress) are discussed together with some typical destructive and non-destructive control techniques for solid materials.