The course consists of two major components: “biomolecules” and “cells”.
During the lectures "Biomolecules", following molecules are treated:
- Sugars, with examples energy-rich molecules and structural carbohydrates
- Fats, with emphasis on membrane lipids,
- Proteins, examples globulins and blood substances;
- Nucleic acids, examples viral, bacterial and eukaryotic RNA and DNA.
The lectures concerning the part of the "Cells" focuses on the structure and function of the cell organelles:
- membranes and membrane transport;
- cytoskeleton, cell junctions and cell communication;
- nucleus, protein synthesis, endoplasmatic reticulum and Golgi apparatus;
- lysosomes, endocytosis, phagocytosis and membrane recycling;
- peroxisomes, mitochondria and energy generation;
- signal transduction, messengers and receptors;
- the cell cycle, DNA replication, mitosis and apoptosis;
- sexual eproduction, gametes and the process of meiosis;