# Applied Human Biomechanics

Course Code : | 1009GENRVK |

Study domain: | Rehabilitation Sciences |

Academic year: | 2017-2018 |

Semester: | 2nd semester |

Contact hours: | 45 |

Credits: | 6 |

Study load (hours): | 168 |

Contract restrictions: | Faculty decision based on student file |

Language of instruction: | Dutch |

Exam period: | exam in the 2nd semester |

Lecturer(s) | Ann Hallemans Ulrike Van Daele |

### 1. Prerequisites *

- competences corresponding the final attainment level of secondary school

an active knowledge of

- Dutch

- English

The student is able to understand the scientific literature regarding biomechanics that is provided during the course.

- general knowledge of the use of a PC and the Internet

general notion of the basic concepts of

The student is able to work in Microsoft Excel to enter numbers, perform calculations and make graphs.

specific prerequisites for this course

- The student is able to apply the mathematical concepts of vector algebra, trigonometry and linear algebry.
- The student knows the difference between vectors and scalars.
- The student can define the quantities and the SI units that belang to the domain of the mechanics.
- The student can explain the concepts of accuracy, precision and measurement error.
- The student can describe the kinematics of linear motion as well as motion in 2D and 3D.
- The student can reproduce Newton's Laws of Motion.
- The student can provide a definition for the moment of force and the moment arm.
- The student can define the law of conservation of energy
- The student can reproduce the 3 types of mechanical energy and provide a definition.
- The student can explain the relation between work and energy that is described by the work-energy theorem.

### 2. Learning outcomes *

- The student has knowledge of and insight in the functioning of the human body
- The student understands and experiences movement
- The student communicates conscious, purposeful and appropriate
- The student assembles, analyses and interprets data
- The student interprets experimental data from literature and connects with the presented concepts
- The student is efficient and accurate

Each chapter in the course notes starts with "learning outcomes". These learning outcomes provide you with a more detailed description on how to reach the learning outcomes of the course module.

### 3. Course contents *

This course is built up gradually . We start with an explanation of what biomechanics is and what models can be used to describe human movement. Initially we examine movements in 2D ( planar ). Examples of movements that are often seen in the clinical practice will be given. Then, the matter becomes more complex and movements are studied in 3D . Also the most used system for 3D motion capture will be discussed . Next, we examine the gerneration of force and force distribution in the human body. These principles are founded on Newton's laws of motion. Knowledge of anthropometry (body structure) is indispensable to understand the effects of forces on the human body. Bone, cartilage , muscle and elastic tissue behave differently under the influence of the forces that act upon it . We go deeper into this to better understand how these materials that are the building blocks of the musculoskeletal system behave under the influence of forces and how injuries can occur.

The principles that are presented in plenary lectures are further practiced during the exercise sessions.

### 4 International dimension*

The course has an international dimension.

### 5. Teaching method and planned learning activities

Personal work

**5.3 Facilities for working students ***

Classroom activities

- Exercise sessions: free to choose the group division

### 6. Assessment method and criteria

Self-directed assessment

Presentation

### 7. Study material *

#### 7.1 Required reading

Course notes and slides

**7.2 Optional reading**

The following study material can be studied voluntarily :- Biomechanics and motor control of human movement – 4th edition (2010) Ed. David A. Winter, John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York
- Biomechanics in Clinic and Research, Kirtley C., Elsevier, Churchill, Livingstone, 2008
- Kinesiology of the musculoskeletal system. Donald A. Neuman. Mosby Inc. 2002.Biomechanica van het spierskeletstelsel. C.J. Snijders, M. Nordin, V.H. Frankel. Elsevier 2001.
- Winter, John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York *Biomechanics in Clinic and Research, Kirtley C., Elsevier, Churchill, Livingstone, 2008

### 8. Contact information *

Teachers:

Ann Hallemans: ann.hallemans@uantwerpen.be

Ulrike Van Daele: ulrike.vandaele@uantwerpen.be

Teaching Assistents:

Emmanuel Jacobs: emmanuel.jacobs@uantwerpen.be

Nolan Herssens: nolan.herssens@uantwerpen.be