Medical physics and radioprotection

Course Code :1040FBDDIE
Study domain:Veterinary Medicine
Academic year:2017-2018
Semester:1st semester
Contact hours:65
Credits:6
Study load (hours):168
Contract restrictions: Exam contract not possible
Language of instruction:Dutch
Exam period:exam in the 1st semester
Lecturer(s)Marleen Verhoye

3. Course contents *

The course content is tuned to the prerequisites which are needed for the other courses in the Bachelor Veterinary education.

The course content is tuned to the prerequisites which are needed for the other courses in the Bachelor Veterinary education.

This course gives the needed basis to obtain insight in the physical laws underlying several biophysical and physiological processes in living organisms.
The main chapters are: Mechanics (kinematics, dynamics, collisions, rotation, balance), liquids and gasses, vibrations, sound, heat, electricity and magnetism, optics).
 
Different biomedical applications of these physical laws will be discussed (muscle forces, fluida and the cardio-vascular system, elektro-cardiography, signal transport in axons,.. etc.)

An important part in medical physics is research of medical imaging. The course discusses both the physical principles, basic image reconstruction and some biomedical imaging modalities. Specifically items are: (1) interaction of radiation with matter; (2) X-ray imaging and CT-scan: instrumentation,  interaction of X-radiation with matter and patients, possibilities of imaging, image; (3) Echography with ultrasound: instrumentation, interaction US wave with matter, possibilities of imaging (A,B,M-mode-real time), Doppler ultrasound; (4) Magnetic Resonance Imaging: instrumentation, origin of the MR signal, image contrast, image reconstruction (limited); (5) radioactivity: radioactive radiation, variables, units and radioactive decay.

Last, this course also focuses on the mandatory learning outcome ‘radioprotection’ within the Ba Veterinary education. Specifically items are: (1) biological aspecs of ionizing radiation ; (2) dosimetry: Why is it needed? How where the proceedings historically created, and how are they adapted?; (3) rules and law regarding ionizing radiation is discussed from a practical point of view; (4) detectors: low doses; gamma-camera/PET; (5) tracers: generator concept (Molybdeen–Technetium) examples of tracers actually used in veterinary;  (6) adionuclide imaging: planar scintigraphy, SPECT and introduction to PET and fusion techniques (PET-CT and SPECT-CT); (7)     Therapy with Jodium 131.

Students have the assignment to make a project (written) about the biomedical/veterinarian applications of the physical laws. This assignment is part of the ‘Academic Skills’ general learning outcomes.