In this course we will focus on major themes, events, and debates that have shaped the Middle East since 1914. In particular we throw light on various expressions that power, resistance, and authority take in concepts such as colonialism, nationalism, orientalism, jihad, islamism, and hijab. But we also learn directly what Islam represents as a faith and what it means to be a Muslim in the modern world. Furthermore we explore the meaning the Muslim youth allocate to fun and pleasure. A major focus will be European Muslim identity politics and the effects of the Syrian refugee crisis in shaping notions of an European identity.