The primary aim of this course on the History of the Low Countries is to provide an overview of the history of the Northern and Southern Low Countries in their broadest geographical sense, from the fourteenth century up to and including the United Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815-1830). The emphasis is mainly on developments during the Early Modern period in the so-called core regions of Flanders, Brabant, Holland and Zeeland. After all, they formed the heart of the Low Countries and determined the development of this part of Europe. The frame of reference is mainly provided by political-institutional anchor points, but always against the background of the economic, social, cultural and religious contexts. Attention is paid to what the Low Countries had in common during the Ancien Régime, but also to the separate paths they followed from the end of the 16th century onwards. This tension between unity and diversity is the common thread throughout the course.