Dilemmas in every society are: individual versus society; possibilities versus restrictions, nature versus nurture, solidarity versus conflict; equality versus inequality.
The crucial question in sociology is ‘why’ people (despite of a growing inequality and a lot of economic, cultural and political conflicts) stay characterized as rather stable and predictable, and that living together can be characterized as a rather ordered or institutionalized living together. Or does the society – with social conflict and inequality can be changed of transformed by new political action and a new (global) economy. And this characterized by more justice, answers for the climate crisis and the need of sustainability within our economy and society? What are the mechanisms / processes of social order and stability, conflicts of interests and social change from feudalism to the post-industrial society yesterday and the postmodern society tomorrow? Are conflicting classes today a relevant concept within the changing economy with characteristics as globalization, new technologies, individualization … or a concept of the past or is precardisation a much more relevant concept?
When economics is the study of creating welfare in a society, then sociology is the science that gives insight in the context of an economy and the way (economic) welfare is distributed within a society. The student can’t understand (international) business or economics, without any ‘sociological imagination’.