The course is centered around the central question in regional science/economic geography, ‘why there?’. For instance, why did some manufacturing activities choose a location close to the market while others can be found near resource locations? Why do low-income households live in areas with high land rents? Why are regions with low levels of employment and economic output more often located in Europe’s periphery? And how do urban and regional policy-makers respond to these issues?
To answer this kind of questions, the following topics are discussed:
- Patterns of spatial inequality at different scales: world, Europe, country, region, city, neighbourhood.
- The basics of location theory
- Urban economics theories: bid-rent curves, ... .
- Spatial order and the urban system: rank-size rule, central place theory, world city network, … .
- Cluster theories and the regional dimension of innovation dynamics: industrial districts, learning regions, regional resilience and competitiveness, … .
- Theories on regional economic development: neoclassical model of regional economic growth, export base theory, cumulative causation, industry life cycle, new economic geography (NEG), … .
- Implications for regional and urban policy.