This course aims to propose a reflection on the various constraints and regularities that can be found in the evolution of meaning in various languages and, more in particular, to verify if these constraints and regularities are the same for the lexcion - from isolated words (e.g. "oiseau", cf. de Rosch’s prototype semantics) to more or less idiomatical constructions, such as mettre "l’église au milieu du village" 'dot the i’s' or in English "at the end of the day" – and for grammar. Special attention will be given to semantic evolutions underlying various grammaticalisation processes. The course will be illustrated by French examples taken from literature, the internet and various corpuses, which will be compared with examples from other languages to see to what extent it is possible to generalize the conclusions .
The course will be given bij dr. Benjamin Fagard of the French National Center for Scientiofic Research (CNRS)