Epidemiology of Tropical Diseases

Course Code :2041GENEP1
Study domain:Epidemiology
Academic year:2019-2020
Semester:1st semester
Contact hours:18
Credits:3
Study load (hours):84
Contract restrictions: Faculty decision based on student file
Language of instruction:English
Exam period:exam in the 1st semester
Lecturer(s)Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden

3. Course contents *

With this course, the student will be thought  on the epidemiology of both the typical tropical infectious diseases as the specific presentation of cosmopolitan diseases in the tropics. It is not intended to teach a complete list of all tropical infections but we aim to work with a number of typical disease models as examples and a number of concrete concepts, on which the students can build. Attention will be given to the clinical aspects of reaction patterns peculiar to tropical diseases, infectious diseases and other diseases. Rather than putting emphasis in an encyclopedic way on all disorders of the emphasis will be on understanding why certain disorders are accompanied by specific clinical abnormalities.  Gradually, a number of typical medical terms will be explained, so that the student after this course also will understand the usual medical "jargon" better.

Infectious diseases of various origin will be treated: protozoal infections: malaria, sleeping sickness, leishmaniasis; worm diseases: intestinal worms, filariasis; bacterial infections: gastrointestinal (cholera), sexual transmitted diseases: chlamydia, lymphogranuloma, syphilis, neurological: meningitis, respiratory: pertussis and generalized disease: typhus; Mycobacteria: tuberculosis, leprosy, Buruli ulcer; and viral diseases: HIV and HTLV-1, Dengue, hemorrhagic fevers (Ebola).

On the basis of a general framework parasites types that are most important in human medicine will be tackled. Biology, morphology and some basic information about pathogenesis are illustrated by the life cycles of unicellular eukaryotes, respectively the parasitic (Protozoa), flatworms (Trematoda, Cestoda), round worms (Nematoda) and ectoparasites (Insecta, Acari). Epidemiological (and to a lesser extent clinical aspects) are discussed. Also comparisons will be made with some relevant animal parasites, which have to be recognized as a source of zoonosis. Some medically relevant bacteria (tuberculosis, cholera, and others), fungi (candi dose, cryptococcosis, mycotoxicosis, dermatophytosis, and others) and viruses (ebola, dengue and other haemorrhagic fevers, viral enteritiden and encephalitiden, and others) are also covered. Particular attention is given to new and recurrent tropical infectious diseases, and to the medical, economic importance of microbial infections. Competences acquired in the epidemiology of infectious disease module will be applied to diseases covered in this module.