Social Housing in Brazil: from modern utopia to contemporary issue
by Diego Inglez de Souza
From consolidated readings that focus social housing as a guiding thread that allows us to understand the transformations in the field of architecture that lead to the consolidation of a modern movement, we can see in the ‘housing question' a privileged object to discuss how to approach these frequent accomplishments in the history of architecture, whose relatively narrow prism often fails to explain or even understand. It is a relatively circumscribed object in a chronological arc common to the several nations and parallel to the implementation of the modernity in different regions and continents, through which we can establish relations, parallels and common trajectories. Experimental programs, new public policies and institutional transformations are often at the basis of the formulation of pilot projects or emblematic architectural achievements. We will seek to reconstitute some episodes and characteristic achievements of the postwar period in the field of social housing in Brazil to contextualize the beginning of the 'end' of modern architecture, the transition to the postmodern condition and the contemporaneity, in which the housing and urban questions arises with great complexity, scale and urgency.
Local and strong: the legacy of the Manguebeat movement in Recife, Brazil
by Lula Marcondes
Recife, an estuary city and the capital of the state of Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil, is one of the most important and diverse cultural cities of the country. During the early 90’s, it was the center of Manguebeat (Swamp’s Beat), a multifaceted cultural movement that drove the attention of the nation over a city that was artistically recreating itself through the collective conscience about its local culture power. As an analogy to the swamp’s diversity, the movement’s Manifesto “Caranguejos com Cérebro” (Crabs with a brain) stated the idea of Recife as “a parabolic antenna embedded in the mud” where cultural hybridism, richness, and openness to the world were always welcome. The Movement put together different music cultures from folk to pop, made up by peasants or university students, and connected socially and geographically distinguished people from favelas to skyscrapers residents.
This talk focuses on the legacy of Manguebeat in terms of diversity, openness and how it changed and was changed by people’s sense of belonging to the public spaces in Recife that allowed encounters, exchanges, and placemaking that, later, shaped the development of a strong creative economy recognized internationally.
Tuesday 12 February, 19:00
Aula K1.6 (Dieperik)
Campus Mutsaard, Mutsaardstraat 31, 2000 Antwerp