Daily Schedule

09:30-11:00: Session 1
11:00-11:30: Coffee break A
11:30-12:30: Session 2
12:30-13:30: Lunch
13:30-15:30: Session 3
15:30-16:00: Coffee break B
16:00-17:00: Session 4 / Keynote slot

Course Description

MONDAY | Introduction and Digital Scholarly Editing

TEI theory and practice

On the first day, we will learn about the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) as the de facto standard for annotating texts in the humanities. We will learn about how TEI relates to XML and related XML technologies and cover general principles such as well-formedness and validity. After a general introduction to XML and the TEI Guidelines, we will learn how to annotate writing processes in TEI. All theoretical contents will be accompanied by practical encoding exercises. 

At the end of the day, Peter Stokes will present a keynote lecture.

TUESDAY | Manuscript Web

TEI Publication Environments, Manuscript Web, TEI, CSS

On the second day, we will learn how to turn text-genetic TEI annotations into web-based editions. After introducing workflows for custom-tailored web visualizations in XSLT, we will look at pret-a-porter solutions. We will compare existing web publication environments for TEI-encoded text corpora and discuss their usability for text-genetic materials in specific. In a hands-on workshop, we will use Manuscript Web, a prototypical publication environment for genetic corpora developed in Antwerp, to turn TEI documents into web-based scholarly editions. In the day’s final session we will form working groups and identify materials (small data sets) for small editions, which the students will produce on day three.

WEDNESDAY | Make Your Own Edition

Manuscript Web

On the third day, we will apply the contents of the first two days to our own materials. The students will work individually or in teams on the dataset they chose on day two. The goal is to encode the materials in TEI and to publish them in a small-scale, web-based edition. 

THURSDAY | Logging and Encoding Born-Digital Writing Processes

Keystroke Logging, TEI-XML

On the fourth day, we will start with a creative exercise: writing a short story and logging the writing process with a keystroke logger. We will then use these keystroke logging files to learn the basic technologies involved in making a (genetic) digital edition. As a first step, we will encode all the textual operations (e.g., new text production, additions, deletions) in TEI-XML together with the timestamps of each operation. These XML files will be used the next day as we move on to the visualisation of the reconstructions of the digital writing processes. In the afternoon we will visit the Plantin-Moretus Museum.

FRIDAY | Visualising Born-Digital Writing Processes


On the last day, we will start from the XML documents we developed in class, and learn how we can prepare them for the web, by transforming them into HTML through XSLT. We will do this using XPath expressions. This effort will result in a static visualisation of the writing process. We will learn the basics of CSS by modifying the visualisation. Having gained experience with XPath, XSLT and HTML, the XML files will later be uploaded in an environment provided by the instructors that allows for replaying the writing process as well. We will end the day with student presentations and a final discussion.


Upon successful completion of the summer school course (including the preparatory assignment), students will be credited 3 ECTS — the certificates of which they can present to their home institutions. Students who wish to earn 6 ECTS instead, will receive an additional assignment that will be completed individually over the summer. In this assignment, students will be asked to apply what they learned to their own materials, and develop their own small-scale demo edition.

To include the credits in the curriculum at the home institution, participants need an agreement with the responsible person at the home institution.

A certificate will be awarded at the end of the programme.

Target group

Undergraduate (BA3), graduate (MA) and postgraduate (PhD, postdoc) students as well as professionals in the field of Humanities.

Study credits (ECTS)

 3 ECTS credits are awarded upon successful completion of the programme.

Optional: upgrade to 6 ECTS credits upon completion of an additional exercise after the summer school. 

A certificate will be awarded at the end of the programme. All certificates of completion are issued as a micro-credential.