About the project

IC2BE is a research project on Cross-Border Litigation in the European Union. It investigates the legislative frameworks and the application of the legislation by national courts and the Court of Justice of the European Union.

This project is co-funded by the European Commission. It is a follow-up of the successful EUPILLAR project (2014-2016).

IC2BE focuses on the 'new generation' of EURegulations regarding the collection of debts.

These Regulations are:

  • Regulation (EC) No 805/2004 of 21 April 2004 creating a European Enforcement Order for Uncontested claims (EEO);
  • Regulation (EC) No 1896/2006 of 12 December 2006 creating a European Order for payment procedure (EPO);
  • Regulation (EC) No 861/2007 of 11 July 2007 establishing a European Small Claims Procedure (ESCP);
  • Regulation (EU) No 655/2014 of 15 May 2014 establishing a European Account Preservation Order procedure to facilitate cross-border debt recovery in civil and commercial matters (EAPO), as well as its implementing Regulation (EU) No 2016/1823 of 10 October 2016 establishing the forms.

The project Partners are conducting an in-depth examination of the functioning of these legal instruments.

The research involves:

  • National seminars;
  • interviews with stakeholders (judges, lawyers, legal advisors etc.);
  • case law collection and setting up of a database (not yet available);
  • analysis and reporting.

IC2BE runs from 1 January 2018 to 31 december 2019.


Thalia Kruger thalia.kruger@uantwerpen.be