The aim of this project is to rewrite SMW, and 'to rewrite' means: to interpret to evaluate and to make topical, not only in the light of the complete works of Whitehead plus the associated secondary literature, but also and especially, in the light of the evolution of Western civilization since 1926. Of course, the central factor in the complex product of civilization best known to Whitehead, and providing the thread for Whitehead when writing SMW, was natural science. The evolution of this cultural factor will also be our guide when rewriting SMW. But no matter how central natural science may be in this project our study of the historical development of mathematical physics is no aim in itself. Its ultimate goal is to reveal the cultural significance of SMW. Together with Whitehead, we want to turn the history of natural science into a diagnostics of modern civilization: that's the purpose of this project in a nutshell. Or to put it differentiy: we would like to reintroduce Whitehead as a cultural critic, looking at the history of modem civilization in the light of the history of natural science. Whitehead can be compared with cultural critics of the New Age brand, such as Lewis Mumford, Theodore Roszalç Robert Pirsig and Morris Berman. Whitehead certainly is as relevant a cultural critic as they are to contemporary readers, but he outstrips all of them when philosophical profundity is the criterion. In the gallery of philosophical jewels, SMW deserves a place next to Die Krisis der europaTschen Wissenschaften und die tranzendentale Phanomenologie, next to Die Zeit des Weltbildes, or next to Sources of the Self, for Whitehead matches cultural philosophers Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger and Charles Taylor.