This research project starts from the assumption that, philosophically speaking, modernism can be considered as a legacy of western metaphysics, which - as a metaphysics of the subject - is founded in a sovereign subject, that gives meaning to the world around him. In Dutch literature, the Flemish author LP Boon was probably the first to explore the fringes of modernism, feeling that the modernist novel had come to a critical stage. His novels of manners Het nieuwe onkruid and Als het onkruid bloeit, in which Boon leaves behind the modernist art of novel writing, serve as a prelude to the postmodernist novel. The latter is characterised by the fact that the writing subject holds a rather problematical position, as in the later works of Hugo Claus. His magnum opus Het verdriet van België, the bible of postmodernism in our literature, certainly deserves particular attention.