Kristof Titeca


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About Kristof Titeca

I am a lecturer based at the Institute of Development Policy (University of Antwerp). I am broadly interested in governance and conflict in spaces where the state is only weakly present, particularly in Central and Eastern Africa. My current principal research interests are the following:

  • Public services in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with a particular focus on the traffic police and taxes
  • ‘Green criminology’, and particularly ivory trade in Central and Eastern Africa.
  • Conflict and rebel movements in the DRC and Uganda, particularly the LRA and ADF in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and conflict dynamics in Western Uganda.

I am a project leader for the ‘Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium’ program in the Democratic Republic of Congo, coordinated by ODI and financed by DFID, focussing on public services in the DRC.

My publications can be accessed on my or researchgate pages.


Titeca, Kristof 'Understanding illegal ivory trade(rs) in Uganda', in: International Affairs.

Titeca, Kristof 'More is less? Decentralisation and regime control in Uganda', in: Wiegratz, Joerg, Martinello, Giuliano, Greco, Elisa (eds.)  The making of neoliberal Uganda: The political economy of state and capital after 1986. Zed Books.

In the press:

On the illegal ivory trade :

'I did the first long-term study investigating illegal ivory traders. Here's what I learned.' The Washington Post, The Monkey Cage, 18 April 2018.

‘Local links across Africa provide key clues to fighting the illegal ivory trade’, The Conversation, 03 May 2018.

In Interne Keuken, Radio 1 (België) en op Bureau Buitenland, Radio 1 (Nederland).

Opinion on the documentary film & art project ‘The Congo Tribunal’:  

Ook politiek theater heeft spelregels’, De Standaard, 02 Mei 2018, with Sara Geenen.

 ‘Les dégâts d’un « faux tribunal » en RDC’, La Libre Belgique, 04 Mai 2018, with Sara Geenen.

Cited/interviewed on the ADF by AFP.

Other op-eds and blog posts:

'How Kinshasa’s markets are captured by powerful private interests', The Conversation, 11 March 2018, with Albert Malukisa.

Museveni: the next ‘benevolent’ President for life?’ Open Democracy, 18 October 2017, with Ivan Ashaba.

Is Uganda really a 'refugee paradise'? Al Jazeera, 29 July 2017, with Julie Schiltz.

'Removing the presidential age limit in Uganda: the power of cash and coercion', Open Democracy, 7 August 2017, with Anna Reuss.

Want to understand Belgium’s complicated politics and scandals? Let’s look at Africa. The Washington Post, The Monkey Cage, 10 July 2017. A more extended version of the piece appeared in Open Democracy, en in het Nederlands op de site van De Morgen. The piece received attention in De Standaard, Het Nieuwsblad, Le Soir, RTBF, La Libre, Metro, Bruzz, L’echo, Dernière Heure, Sudinfo, Newsmonkey.

Wir schaffen das in Oeganda: werkelijk? , 07 Juli 2017, with Julie Schiltz.

Why the unrest in Rwenzori is far from over, African Arguments, July 4 2017, with Anna Reuss.

Bye Bye Kony? The Lord’s Resistance Army After the U.S.–Ugandan Withdrawal, Foreign Affairs, 13 May 2017, with Ledio Cakaj.

On the withdrawal of the American and Ugandan troops from the LRA hunt in the Washington Post, De Volkskrant and VICE news.

Radio interview on the withdrawal of American troops from the LRA hunt on Radio 1, Belgium (in dutch, from 02:37:00).

There is new violence in Western Uganda. Here’s why. The Washington Post, 29 November 2016, with Anna Reuss.

Jihadis in Congo? Probably not. The Washington Post, 27 September 2016.

5 years on, South Sudan is at a critical juncture…again, African Arguments, 8 July 2016, with Rens Twijnstra.

The United Nations set an ambitious education goal. Why did it fail in Congo?, The Washington Post / The Monkey Cage, 8 June 2016, with Tom De Herdt.

Museveni got more votes than love in Uganda’s election, The Washington Post / The Monkey Cage, 20 February 2016, with Anna Reus.

My latest academic articles:

Illegal ivory trade as transnational organized crime? An empirical study into ivory traders in Uganda? The British Journal of Criminology.

Market governance in Kinshasa: the competition for informal revenue through ‘connections’ (branchement). IOB Working Paper 2018.03, with Albert Malukisa.

‘The Rwenzururu kinship question and its aftermath’. In: Doornbos, M. The Rwenzururu Movement in Uganda. Struggling for Recognition. New York, Routledge: 187-210, with Martin Doornbos, and Arthur Syahuka.

'When revolutionaries grow old: The Museveni babies and the slow death of the liberation', Third World Quarterly, 2017, 38 (10):2347-2366  with Anna Reuss.

'Beyond ethnicity: the violence in Western Uganda and Rwenzori's 99 problems', Review of African Political Economy, 2017, with Anna Reuss.

The many faces of a rebel group: the Allied Democratic Forces in the Democratic Republic of the CongoInternational Affairs, 2016, 92(5):1189-1206 with Dan Fahey.

‘Everything changes to remain the same? State and tax reform in South Sudan’  The Journal of Modern African Studies 2016, 54 (2): 263-292, with Rens Twijnstra.

Governance with Empty Pockets: the education sector in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Development and Change 2016, 47 (3): 472- 494, with Tom De Herdt.

Other recent publications:

'An LRA for everyone. How different actors frame the Lord's Resistance Army', published in African Affairs (together with T. Costeur).

A summary of the argument was published on the Monkey Cage blog/Washington Post: 'An "LRA for everyone": constructing knowledge of rebel groups'

Titeca, Kristof and Matthew Sebastian (2014) ‘Why did Invisible Children dissolve?’. The Monkey Cage blog/Washington Post, Opinion, 30 December 2014.

'Unravelling public authority. Paths of hybrid governance in Africa', published as an IS academy research brief.

You can follow me on twitter: @KristofTiteca


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