Programme info

Micro-credential: Community-based Monitoring

▪      General introduction, Concepts & Theory & Learning from evidence (day 1-4)

▪       Positioning of CBM in the landscape of accountability/learning initiatives, rationale of CBM, classification of CBM initiatives

▪       Effectiveness and impact of CBM initiatives: theory-based approach 

▪       Bringing in evidence from the around the world (Philippines, mapping of CBM around the world) + application 

  • Data collection in CBM (methods, advantages and challenges, good practices, differences among sectors, importance of disaggregation, etc.)
  • Data analysis (methods, good practices, challenges, differences among sectors, etc.)
  • Use of CBM findings (good practices, challenges, differences among sectors)

▪       Skills lab (mobile community monitoring) (day 5 -12):

o   Introducing the Fuatilia Maji / women water watch project & institutional framework for social accountability projects in Tanzania

o   Preparing for data collection : research ethics, survey building (qualtrics)

o   Introduction to rural water sector ( water access, functionality, quality, link with health, …)

o   Mobile monitoring of water services and data cleaning, check and analysis (with mwater)

o   Trainer of Trainer: training community monitors

o   Training: communication of CBM results

▪        Action Lab (participation in CBM project in rural village in Morogoro) (day 13 – day 24)

o   Participation in CBM project: CBM training of community monitors, data collection, data cleaning, communication of results

▪        Analysis  and presentation preliminary results and debriefing (day 25- 29) 

o   Analysis (CBM) data (group work)

o   Presenting (preliminary) results

o   Intercultural communication and skills


The course is organised in 3 components, consisting of theory (day 1-4), skills lab (day 5-12), action lab (day 13-29) consisting of data collection, data cleaning (day 13-24) and analysis and presentation (day 25-29). The overall course is organised between beginning of April and mid-May (29 day sessions). Attendance is mandatory to allow for interaction, debate and group work. All sessions are organised at Mzumbe University (main Morogoro campus). Students of the micro-credential course will participate in the same sessions as the (advanced) master students of the master in Development Studies of IOB and the master in Development Evaluation of Mzumbe University. This mixed group consists of about 15 international IOB students, Mzumbe University and Ugandan Christian University students.


The lecturers of the course are Prof. dr. Nathalie Holvoet, dr. Sara Dewachter (IOB), Dr. Alellie Sobrevinas (De La Salle University, Philippines), Dr. Doreen Kyando (Mzumbe University), Solomon Mwije (Ugandan Christian University).

Learning outcomes

This micro-credential focuses on the following learning outcomes.

1. The participant has knowledge of the theoretical and policy debate on community based monitoring.

2. The participant is able to classify different CBM instruments and position CBM in the landscape of accountability & learning initiatives.

3. The participant is able to analyse the effectiveness and impact of CBM from a theory-of-change perspective and identify the different (theoretical) assumptions.

4. The participant is familiar with and capable to critically analyse different methods and approaches used in CBM data collection, data analysis and dissemination/use of CBM findings.

5. The participant is aware of innovation in CBM and understands the importance of taking into account heterogeneity in different stages of CBM initiatives.

6. The participant is able to apply some methods of CBM data collection and analysis.


The course is evaluated based on the combination of an individual take home exam, a group presentation (with individual sections) and a joint report with individual sections.

  • Individual take-home exam (theory): a short essay (1500-2000 words) in response to a question of the lecturer : 3 ECTS

Assessment criteria essay:

o Understanding of and ability to apply theory.

o Capacity for personal synthesis and reflection.

  • Group Presentation with individual sections and Q&A : 1 ECTS
  • Joint report: 1000-3000 words: 2 ECTS

o One joint report with individual sections (policy brief format): 1 ECTS

o Individual reflection on multiperspectivity: 750-1500 words: 1 ECTS

Division of Marks: 6 ECTS

Assessment 2nd exam session: take home exam + report