During the 20th century a lot of prevention measures to tackle the destruction of cultural property during armed conflict were designed. However, the destruction and looting of cultural property tends to increase the last decennia. Therefore, this research will analyze what causes the failure of this strategy. A first phase of the research agenda is descriptive and explanatory. Bottom-up, starting from the different prevention measures, a typology will be designed, which will be then translated into a model strategy. A following phase will evaluate the former, top-down, starting from the model strategy, analysing two cases (Iraq and Kosovo).