Hilde Greefs is Professor at the History Departement of the University of Antwerp (Belgium). She is specialized in social and economic history of the modern period. For her research activities she is connected to the Centre for Urban History (Department of history). She is also affiliated to the Centre for Migration and Intercultural Studies (CEMIS). Her research focuses on social and economic history during the long nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with a particular interest in migration, social and economic networks, and maritime trade and business life in port cities.