Jeroen Puttevils studies urban societies in the late medieval and 16th-century Low Countries, with a focus on the interaction between culture and economy and future expectations. Think of long-distance trade, gambling, buying lottery tickets or insuring ships. Since 2020, he leads the project Back to the Future: Future expectations and actions in late medieval and early modern Europe, c.1400-c.1830’, which is funded by an ERC Starting Grant. This project studies merchants’ future expectations and actions through in-depth analyses of their correspondences.