See also www.jozefcolpaert.net.
Invited keynote International Conference on Technology-enhanced Language Learning and Teaching & International Conference on Corpus-based Language Learning and Teaching 2021 (TeLLT & CoLLT 2021), Hong Kong, July 7-9, 2021
Organizer XXIst International CALL Research Conference “Smart CALL”, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, 2-4 July 2021.
Member Program Committee ICCE 2020, 28th International Conference on Computers in Education (TELL), 23-27 November 2020, Online Conference. (https://icce2020.apsce.net/)
Invited keynote and master class (G.V. Sadykova) at Kazan International Linguistic Summit “Challenges and Trends in World Linguistics”, 16-20 November 2020.
Online presentation with Evelyn Spruyt: “Naar een designmodel voor mentaal aanvaardbare en motiverende taaltaken: het TECOLA project”, Europese Dag van de Talen, EPOS Vlaanderen, 24 September 2020.
Invited keynote (B. Bai) at “Enhancing secondary students’ English writing through 3C-based (Collaboration, Creativity and Critical thinking) activities, self-regulation strategies and e-learning tools” project dissemination seminar at The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 21 August 2020.
Member Program Committee ICCE 2019, 27th International Conference on Computers in Education, Kenting, Taiwan, 2-6 December 2019.
Invited paper with Evelyn Spruyt (M. Schroeven): “Toward a task design model for telecollaborative language learning”, Sint-Rita College Kontich, Belgium, 5 November 2019.
Member Programme Committee SLaTE 2019 (ISCA Workshop on Speech and Language Technology in Education 2019), Graz, Austria, 20 – 21 September, 2019.
Paper with Phil Hubbard: “Transdisciplinarity as a solution for the complex multidisciplinarity of CALL”, EuroCALL 2019, Louvain-la-Neuve, 29 August 2019.
Workshop (A. Boulton) “Research methodology in CALL journals: do’s and don’ts”, EuroCALL 2019, Louvain-la-Neuve, 28 August 2019.
Organizer XXth International CALL Research Conference “Social CALL”, Education University Hong Kong, 10-12 July 2019 (http://www.call2019.org).
Paper with E. Spruyt: “Toward a task design model for mental acceptance and motivation: a transdisciplinary approach”, Education University of Hong Kong, 10-12 July 2019 (www.call2019.org).
Invited keynote (Y. Lan): “From virtual to smart learning environments: personalization, socialization and contextualization” Second PPTELL Conference, National Taiwan Normal University, 3-5 July 2019 (http://pptell2019.tcsl.ntnu.edu.tw/) .
Research visit Universidad de la Sabana (L. Cuesta), Bogotá, Colombia, 27-28 May 2019.
Paper with Phil Hubbard: “CALL as transdisciplinary endeavor: toward a respected community”, CALICO conference, Montréal, Canada, 22-24 May 2019 (https://calico.org/calico-conference/calico-2019/) .
Editorial board meeting CALICO Journal, Montréal, Canada, 22 May 2019.
Invited keynote (M. Chen) “Transdisciplinarity in CALL”, TEFL conference, Tunghai University, Taichung, Taiwan, 17-18 May 2019 (https://etra.thu.edu.tw/) .
Seminar “The real challenges in CALL: Open Data, Contextualization and Transdisciplinarity “, Griffith University (Y. Wang), Brisbane, Australia, 5 April 2019.
Seminar “Open Data and Contextualization of the Language Learning Process”, Education University of Hong Kong (Qing Ma), Hong Kong, 2 April 2019.
Promoter doctoral defense Lin-Chin (Jim) Cheng: “A Study of Applied Tai Chi Movements in Marimba Playing”, Royal Conservatoire Antwerp & Antwerp Research Institute for the Arts, Universiteit Antwerpen, 6 March 2019.
Paper with Evelyn Spruyt “Toward a task design model for mental acceptance and motivation: a transdisciplinary approach” at Third International Conference on Language Education and Testing “What a Feeling: Language Education and Emotions”, Universiteit Antwerpen, 26-28 November 2018. https://www.uantwerpen.be/en/conferences/language-education-and-emotions .
Member Scientific Committee third International Conference on Language Education and Testing “What a Feeling: Language Education and Emotions”, Universiteit Antwerpen, 26-28 November 2018. https://www.uantwerpen.be/en/conferences/language-education-and-emotions .
Program Committee member of the Technology-Enhanced Language Learning (TELL) sub-conference of ICCE 2018, Ateneo de Manila University, the Philippines, 26-30 November 2018. http://icce2018.ateneo.edu/
Paper “Towards a new task design model: a research-based approach for telecollaboration and beyond.”, 5th WorldCALL Conference, Concepción, Chile, 13-16 November 2018. www.worldcall5.org.
Symposium with Marta Gonzalez-Lloret & Ursula Stickler “Getting Published in CALL Journals”, 5th WorldCALL Conference, Concepción, Chile, 13-16 November 2018. www.worldcall5.org.
Member International Advisory Committee and Conference Programme Committee of the 5th WorldCALL Conference, Concepción, Chile, 13-16 November 2018. www.worldcall5.org.
Invited workshop Instructional Design and Educational Engineering (C. Mondou), I-Site, Université de Lille Nord-Europe, 16-30 October 2018.
Invited keynote (Yu-Ju Lan) “Transdisciplinary approaches for designing multimodal learning environments” at 1st Pan-Pacific TELL 2018, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, 4-6 October 2018. http://pptell2018.tcsl.ntnu.edu.tw/index.php?inter=keynotes.
Invited panel (Yu-Ju Lan) “Prospects of TELL/CALL in global views” at 1st Pan-Pacific TELL 2018, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, 4-6 October 2018. http://pptell2018.tcsl.ntnu.edu.tw/index.php?inter=program.
Invited panel (Yu-Ju Lan) “Academic research and publication: the road to excellence” at 1st Pan-Pacific TELL 2018, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, 4-6 October 2018. http://pptell2018.tcsl.ntnu.edu.tw/index.php?inter=program.
Jury member defense Ward Peeters: “The Networking Power of Web 2.0 in the Foreign Language Classroom: Affordances of the Online Peer Interaction Process”, Universiteit Antwerpen, 28 September 2018.
Organizer XIXth International CALL Research Conference “CALL your Data”, Bruges, 4-6 July 2018. www.call2018.org.
Presentation “Collaboratief ontwerpen van multimodale leeromgevingen”, Colloquium ‘Samen onderwijs vormgeven’, Universiteit Antwerpen, 19 June 2018.
Invited keynote (De Bao Xu) “Open Big Data for Language Teachers”at TCLT10 (http://www.tclt.us/tclt10 ) , National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, 1-3 June 2018.
Member Scientific Committee TISLID 2018 (Technological Innovation for Specialized Linguistic Domains), Ghent University, Belgium, 24-26 May 2018.
Invited lecture (M. Qing) “Research Design and the Publication Process”, Education University of Hong Kong, 17 April 2018.
Invited lecture (M. Qing) “The place of mobile learning in a multimodal learning environment”, Education University of Hong Kong, 18 April 2018.
Invited speaker (I. Braeuning) “Towards a methodological approach for designing learning environments: focus on task design”, Workshop Digitalisation of Learning and Teaching in Higher Education, Universität Konstanz, Germany, 22-23 February 2018. http://uni.kn/international/digitalisation
Teacher training event TECOLA project, Antwerp University, 31 January 2018.
Invited speaker (V. Grisez) “Ingénierie éducative et Conception de tâches motivantes”, Centre de Langues Vivantes, Université de Mons, 29 January 2018.
Teacher training event TECOLA project, Ghent University, 23 January 2018.
Program Committee Member of sub-conference Technology Enhanced Language Learning (TELL) of the 25th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE), Christchurch, New Zealand, 4-8 December 2017.
Doctoral defense Philippe Mortier “Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors among College Students. A Prospective Approach”, KULeuven, 14 November 2017.
Chairman jury doctoral defense Juan Carlos Casañ Núñez: “Un marco teórico sobre el uso de actividades de comprensión audiovisual con preguntas sobreimpresas en el vídeo y sincronizadas con los fragmentos relevantes para el aprendizaje y la evaluación de lenguas extranjeras: una investigación mixta multifase”, Universitat Politécnica Valencia, 22 September 2017.
Presentation “Motivational aspects in task design for telecollaboration in challenging language learning contexts”, Telecollaboration for Language Learning Seminar, University of Roehampton (UK), 9 September 2017.
TeCoLa (Erasmus+ project) Consortium meeting and Multiplier event, University of Roehampton (UK), 7-9 September 2017.
Demo Day Open Summer of Code, Open Knowledge Belgium, BeCentral, Brussels, 27 July 2017.
Invited keynote (M. Thomas) Symposium on Learning Analytics in Language Learning and Teaching, University of Central Lancashire, Preston (UK), 17 July 2017.
Organizer XVIIIth International CALL Research Conference “CALL in Context”, UC Berkeley, USA, 7-9 July 2017 (www.call2017.org).
Paper “Design of telecollaborative tasks: where is the context?”, XVIIIth International CALL Research Conference, UC Berkeley, USA, 8 July 2017.
Invited workshop (Wen-chi Wu)“Designing a Technology-rich Environment for Language Teaching and Learning: Trend, Theory and Practice”, DFLL 2017 Conference, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan, 3 June 2017.
Invited keynote (Wen-chi Wu) “Task Design and the Role of Technology”, DFLL 2017 Conference, Asia University, Taichung, Taipei, 2 June 2017
Cultural tour Venice 25-28 May 2017.
Editors’ panel “Research studies in CALL – How to get them published?” at CALICO Conference, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, USA, 19 May 2017.
Paper “Task Design for Mental Acceptance and Willingness”, CALICO Conference, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, USA, 18 May 2017.
Research visit (M. Cárdenas Claros), Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Chile, 13-20 March 2017.
Invited lecture “Yes, you can! Why you can determine for yourself which technologies to use, when, where and how.”, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Chile, 16 March 2017.
Presentation with Margret Oberhofer “Kennisclips: waarom en hoe?”, SLO Stafdag, Universiteit Antwerpen, 23 February 2017.
Promoter defense PhD student Ludwig Albert “Movin’grips. Body controlled marimba sound production. Acoustic, judgmental and artistic evaluation of the Albert method of movement in marimba education. Universiteit Antwerpen, 7 December 2016.
Programme Committee member 24th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE - C6: Technology Enhanced Language Learning), Mumbai, India, November 28th - December 2nd , 2016
Presentation “Task design and the role of psychological-motivational aspects”, iTILT project event, Universiteit Antwerpen, 9 November 2016.
Project meeting EU-project TeCoLa, Universidad de Valencia, 27-27 September 2016.
Paper with M. Oberhofer and Tom Smits: “Mind the gap: Task design and technology by novice language teachers”, EuroCALL 2016: ‘CALL Communities & Culture’, Cyprus, 24-27 August 2016.
Research visit UC Berkeley (R. Kern), 22-24 July 2016.
EAEA Grundtvig Award 2016 for excellence in adult education (as partner in TLC-Pack project), 28 June 2016.
Invited plenary (M.Thomas), “The future of content, data and learner analytics in an educational engineering perspective”, The Future of Learning: Critical Perspectives on Higher Education in the Digital Age, University of Central Lancashire, UK, 22 June 2016.
Invited keynote (De Bao Xu), “Technology as the ‘normal’ result of good design in language learning and teaching”, 9th International Conference and Workshops on Technology and Chinese Language Teaching in the 21st Century, University of Macau, China SAR, 27-29 May 2016.
Paper with Linda Gijsen: “Collaboration in Telecollaborative Projects”, New Directions in Telecollaborative Research and Practice: The Second Conference on Telecollaboration in University Education, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, 21-23 April 2016.
Research visit by Claire Bradin Siskin (Pittsburgh, USA), 18-19 April 2016.
Paper with Margret Oberhofer and Tom Smits: “Modern Technologies Fostering Interactivity and Task-Based Learning: the iTILT project”, LASIG Conference, Universiteit Antwerpen, 3-4 March 2016.
Research stay by Mónica Stella Cardenas Claros, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Chile, 19 January – 19 March 2016.
Member doctoral jury Antonio Martínez, “Materiales online para el aprendizaje y la evaluación del inglés: análisis, evaluación, adaptación y propuesta de recursos”, Universidad Politécnica Valencia, 11 December 2015.
Invited keynote ICCE 2015 (TELL) Conference (S.C. Kong): “Redesigning Language Learning and Teaching in a Data-driven World “, Hangzhou, China, 1-4 December 2015.
Invited keynote AsiaCALL 2015 Conference (A. Lian): ”Educational Engineering as new research method: implications for language learning and teaching”, Xi’an, China, 27-30 November 2015.
Research visit to Seoul (K. Sung, M. Lee), 26-30 October 2015.
Paper with Margret Oberhofer: “TLC Pack unpacked”, EUROCALL conference, Padua, Italy, 26-29 August 2015.
Organizer XVIIth International CALL Research Conference “CALL and Task design” (www.call2015.org), Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain, 6-8 July 2015.
Opening speech “From stack design to task design”, CALL 2015, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, 6 July 2015.
Editorial board meeting CALL Journal, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, 6 July 2015.
Member jury doctoral defense B.W.F. Penning de Vries, “Computerised speaking practice: the role of automatic corrective feedback in learning L2 grammar”, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, 19 June 2015.
Invited workshop TESOL Colombia: “A master class in Educational Engineering as instructional design model and research method”, Universidad de la Sabana, Chia, 6 June 2015.
Invited keynote TESOL Colombia: “From myths and blurred ontologies to paradigm shifts and research challenges: the way ahead for CALL”, Universidad de la Sabana, Chia, 5 June 2015.
Editorial board meeting CALICO, Boulder, Colorado, US, 29 May 2015.
Paper: “CALL research challenges: redefining language learning?”, CALICO, Boulder, Colorado, US, 28 May 2015.
Meeting Organizing Committee CALL 2015, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, 21 May 2015.
Member jury doctoral defense Carola Strobl “Affordances of online technologies for academic writing instruction in a foreign language. An exploration of individual and collaborative settings”, UGent, Ghent, 12 May 2015.
Organizer and jury chairman finals 2nd Samsung Innovation Challenge ‘Imagine Learning’, Solvay Library Brussels, 9 May 2015.
Day visit consultancy partner, Oslo (Norway), 27 April 2015.
Meeting TILA project, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 15-17 April 2015.
Guest lecture “CALL and designing learning environments” (S. Jager), Universiteit Groningen, 3 March 2015.
Invited keynote 2nd AZCALL Conference (B. Smith): “Distributed design: an educational engineering approach”, Arizona State University, Tempe-Phoenix, US, 21 February 2015.
Invited SLAT colloquium talk (R. Kraut): “Publish and perish: how to survive academic meritocracy?”, University of Arizona, Tucson, US, 20 February 2015.
Journal meeting Computer Assisted Language Learning with Taylor & Francis (V. Quantrell), London, 10 February 2015.
Invited master class “Why teachers should become designers – an innovative approach in Instructional Design” for Eurasian National University of Astana (Kazakhstan), Edu Council Brussels, 10 December 2014
Member jury HDR (Habilité à Diriger des Recherches) Shona Whyte, Université du Havre, France, 20 November 2014.
Organizer Second Samsung Innovation Challenge “Imagine Learning” (www.imaginelearning.be), launch 6 October 2014.
Invited lecture (D. Chun), “Educational Engineering as Research Method: epistemological and methodological considerations” University of California, Santa Barbara, US, 23 October 2014.
Member Programme Committee Digital Intelligence 2014 (#di2014) Conference, Nantes, France, 17-19 September 2014.
Member jury doctoral defense Frederik Cornillie, “Effectiveness of corrective feedback in digital game-based language learning”, KULAK, Kortrijk, 15 September 2014.
Invited workshop 'The future of language teaching/training related to technology', TELEVIC, Izegem, Belgium, 10 September 2014.
Presentation: “Educational Engineering as Instructional Design Model and Research Method”, EUROCALL 2014, Groningen, the Netherlands, 20-23 August 2014.
Invited research visit (M. Gutiérrez-Colon Plana), Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain, 30 July 2014.
Hosting research stay Glenn Stockwell (Waseda University, Tokyo) and Esther Seong Hee (Hosei University, Tokyo) July 2014 – March 2015.
Organizer XVIth International CALL Research Conference “Research Challenges in CALL”, Universiteit Antwerpen, 7-9 July 2014.
Organizer Summer School ”A Toolbox for Design-Based Research”, Universiteit Antwerpen, 30 June - 4 July 2014.
Invited keynote (E. Cutrim-Schmid & S. Whyte) “Teacher education and ICT integration: reassuring lies versus inconvenient truths”, EuroCALL Teacher Education SIG Workshop Multiple Sites for Language Learning: Educating the New Generation of CALL Practitioners, Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, France, 22 - 23 May 2014.
Member jury doctoral defense Joost van Doremalen, “Developing automatic speech recognition-enabled language learning applications: from theory to practice”, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, 16 May 2014.
Invited opening plenary (E. Bárcena), “Designing for personalization and contextualization”, TISLID, Avila, Spain, 7-9 May 2014.
Organizer and chairman jury Finals Samsung Imagine Learning Contest, Brussels, 26 April 2014.
Presentation: “Time for a new CEFR? Recommendations from the field”, ALTE, Paris, 10-11 April 2014.
Invited lecture (Ma Qing), “Getting published in CALL with corpus linguistics: about topics and methodologies”, Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong, 28 March 2014.
Invited lecture (Ma Qing), “How to determine which technologies to use, where, when and how: an engineering approach to language learning and teaching”, Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong, 28 March 2014.
Invited seminar (KeanWah, Lee), “Recent trends and challenges in CALL Research: an engineering approach”, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, 24 March 2014.
Invited workshop (KeanWah, Lee), “How to determine which technologies to use, when, how and why?”, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, 24 March 2014.
Chairman doctoral jury Liliana Cuesta,” The role of scaffolding in fostering self-regulation in English language blended learning environments”, UNED, Madrid, 13 March 2014.
Chairman jury semi-finals Samsung Imagine Learning Contest, Universiteit Antwerpen, 15 February 2014 (www.imaginelearning.be).
Invited online presentation (V. Stevens), “ Research challenges in CALL: epistemological considerations”, An Electronic Village Online event in MultiMOOC EVO session & A Connecting Online 14 Conference event, 9 February 2014.
External evaluator EU-project TILA (K. Jauregi), Saarburg, Germany, 30-31 January 2014.
Invited keynote (Kate Borthwick): “How to determine which technologies to use, when, where and how”, LLAS eLearning Symposium 2014, Southampton, 23 January 2014.
Invited panel (G. Stockwell): “Technology and vocabulary learning”, ICCE2013, Sanur, Bali, 21 november 2013.
Presentation: “Generic Structuring and Sustainability of Learning Content”, ICCE 2013, Sanur, Bali, 21 November 2013.
Invited plenary lecture (Maram Mcmullen, online lecture): “How to determine which technologies to use when, where and how ?– an engineering approach” KSAALT (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Association of Language Teachers) meeting, Yanbu University College Female Campus, Saudi Arabia, 5 November 2013.
Invited presentation (Kiwan Sung): “30 years in CALL: a researcher’s perspective”, KAMALL 2013, Hanyang University Seoul, South-Korea, 19 October 2013.
Invited keynote (Kiwan Sung): “ICT for Smart and Connected Language Learning: Inconvenient Truth or Reassuring Lie?”, KAMALL 2013, Hanyang University Seoul, South-Korea, 19 October 2013.
Invited keynote (Jie-Young Kim): “Key challenges in CALL Research”, 2013 Research and Development Institute of English Education International Conference: Language Learning with Technology, Chung-Ang University Seoul, South-Korea, 18 October 2013.
Invited lecture (Mariken Smit): “Le CECR : état de la question (synthèse et conclusion du colloque « Language testing in Europe: Time for a new framework? » organisé du 27 au 29 mai à l’université d’Anvers) », Journée d’échanges pédagogiques, UCL-ILV, Louvain-la-Neuve, 9 September 2013.
Invited keynote (Françoise Raby): “The role and shape of speech technologies in well-designed language learning environments.”, SLATE 2013, Grenoble, 30 August 2013.
Invited keynote (David Barr): “Sustainability and Research Challenges in CALL”, WorldCall 2013, Glasgow, 12 July 2013.
Selected presentation: “Educational Engineering as novel Instructional Design Model for Innovation”, Radical Innovation Summit, Washington D.C., 13 June 2013 (expenses covered by U.S. National Science Foundation).
Presentation with Margret Oberhofer: “Language for specific purposes and the CEFR – the EuroCatering.org example”, International Conference Language Testing in Europe: Time for a New Framework?, Universiteit Antwerpen, 28 May 2013.
Invited talk (Bryan Smith, online class): “The Publish and Perish Syndrome: how to survive as young researchers”, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 3 May 2013.
Invited speaker (Vance Stevens): “OERs for language learning and teaching: why do teachers have mixed feelings?”, Learning2gether, 16 december 2012.
Invited speaker (Yie-Chi Yang): “The No Significance Syndrome and the Ecological Paradigm Shift”, ICCE 2012, National Institute of Education, Singapore, 29 November 2012.
Invited talk (Anita Ferreira Cabreras): “Ambient intelligence and language learning” Universidad de Concepción, Chile, 8 November 2012.
Award: European Language Label of Labels (Multilingualism in Europe Conference, Limassol, Cyprus, 27 September 2012) as partner in Eurocatering project (Linguapolis).
Presentation: “Generische dieptestructurering van leerinhouden”, GEWU meeting, BOEK.BE, 24 September 2012.
Presentation: “Educational Engineering als onderzoeksmethode”, IOIW Research Day, Universiteit Antwerpen, 2 July 2012.
Presentation: “Open Educational Resources: waarom het zou moeten en waarom het niet zou lukken”, IOIW Research Day, Universiteit Antwerpen, 2 july 2012.
Paper: “Educational Engineering as Research Method: Just an Ecological Paradigm Shift or a Copernican Revolution?”, CALICO 2012 Conference, Notre Dame University, South Bend (US), 16 June 2012.
Paper: “Open Language Learning: How it Should and Why it Won’t Work”, CALICO 2012 Conference, Notre Dame University, South Bend (US), 14 June 2012.
Panel with Mike LEVY and Glenn STOCKWELL: “The Medium Matters: CALL editors’ panel discussion”, Providence University, Taichung, Taiwan, 27 May 2012.
Invited lecture for doctoral students (Joni CHAO): “The role of personal goals in designing learning environments”, Providence University, Taichung, Taiwan, 24 May 2012.
Plenary introductory speech “The Medium Matters”, XVth International CALL Research Conference, Providence University Taichung, Taiwan, 25 May 2012.
Plenary paper “The Medium Matters: Research Challenges in CALL”, XVth International CALL Research Conference, Providence University Taichung, Taiwan, 25 May 2012. [as organizer]
Paper with Joost VAN DOREMALEN, Helmer STRIK and Catia CUCCHIARINI: "The DISCO ASR-based CALL system: practicing L2 oral skills and beyond", 8th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), Istanbul, May 2012.
Invited lecture (Judith Barna) “La conception de la recherche et le processus de la publication en ELAO”, Journée d’étude ARDAA « Publier en didactique de l’anglais », Université d’Artois, Villeneuve d’Ascq, 24 March 2012.
Invited lecture (Ana Velia Domínguez León): “Diseño de la investigación en la universidad de Granma”, Universidad de Granma, Bayamo, Cuba, 6 February 2012.
Invited lecture (Ana Velia Domínguez León): “Diseño de cursos de idiomas y el papel de la tecnología”, Universidad de Granma, Bayamo, Cuba, 7 February 2012.