Research team

Politics & Public Governance

Expertise

Consultancy of Belgian public organisations (primarily concerning the legal status of the personnel) and teaching, giving courses and presentations on seminars and post-academic programmes.

Advice on the harmonisation of employment conditions in the Flemish Government. 16/12/2020 - 15/12/2024

Abstract

With this framework agreement, the Public Servants Agency aims to be able to call on guidance and legal or strategic advice, when necessary, in connection with the following five tracks: legal position, career and remuneration policy, sickness regulation, pensions and dismissal.

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Project website

Scientific chair 'Kenniscel Pensioenen'. 01/07/2019 - 30/06/2023

Abstract

The main objective of the Chair "Kenniscel Pensioenen" (Knowledge Centre Pensions) funded by the OFP Provant is to conduct research in the field of legal pensions and complementary pensions (the so-called first and second pillar pensions). In full academic independence and using scientifically substantiated methods the researchers edit research papers on issues regarding the funding and financial sustainability of legal pensions, the legal framework of complementary pension schemes for public sector employers, the amounts due to fiscal and social security regulations and the harmonisation of (complementary) pension schemes for personnel employed by local governments.

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Research project concerning the calculation of the financial consequences of the reform of the illness pensions for the statutory personnel in the Belgian public sector, based on the proposal of the Commission on the Pension Reform 2020-2040 01/10/2016 - 30/09/2017

Abstract

The Commission Pension Reform 2020-2040 has suggested to end the arrangement regarding the early retirement of the definitively disabled civil servants. In the new system, civil servants would fall within the scope of the health insurance, just like contracted government employees and workers in the private sector. This implies certain alterations, not in the least regarding costs. The aim of this study is to assess, in a large set of cases, what the financial impact of this suggested reform would be.

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Uniform statute for the public sector personnel - Academic advise 01/05/2016 - 31/10/2017

Abstract

The purpose of this project is to give academic support to the federal government concerning some topics related to the statute of the federal public personnel. Since these advices concern preparatory work on issues that are not finalized yet, it is not possible to enumerate these subjects.

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Unilateral variation of contracts of employment in the public sector: the difficult interplay between administrative and labour law. 01/01/2016 - 31/12/2017

Abstract

The project aims to research one of the most crucial legal issues linked to the employment of contractual employees in the public sector. An important distinction between statutory and contractual employment in the public sector concerns the possibility to modify unilaterally the employment conditions. As far as the officials (who are statutory employed) are envisaged, the principle of changeability of public services allows, under certain conditions, to modify unilaterally their employment conditions. Unilateral modification of employment conditions for staff employed with employment contracts is far more limited under Belgian law. This scope of the so-called ius variandi is very limited.

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Cancer and re-employment of patients working in the public sector: an analysis of the juridical difficulties, policy advises and the building of a Q&A in favour of this target group. 01/01/2016 - 31/12/2016

Abstract

On demand of the "Vlaamse Kankerliga" the theme concerning inability circuits in the public sector is focussed on the situation of cancer patients. More concrete the existing legislation is analyzed from the point of view of the possibilities and the difficulties to remain the cancer patient on the labour market. On one hand a policy advice will be drawn tenting to size down the actual obstacles. On the other hand the challenge is to offer the cancer patients in the public sector a kind of manual. That manual will allow them to find their way througout the labyrinth of existing rules in case of incapacity.

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Research on the domain of labour law, social security law and law concerning the civil servants. 01/10/2014 - 30/09/2015

Abstract

The main purpose of the sabbatical leave is to contribute - from an independent scientific view - to the societal debate concerning some hot issues in the field of the employment of public sector personnel. The focus is to elaborate the idea of a uniform statute for all the workers in the public sector and the future pension reforms 2020-2040, especially on the domain of the civil servant pensions.

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Scientific Chair Provincial and local personnel management. 01/07/2013 - 30/06/2019

Abstract

This project represents a formal research agreement between UA and on the other hand the Province of Antwerp. UA provides the Province of Antwerp research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract.

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New Public Management and the Performance of Public Services: a Missing Link? 01/01/2013 - 31/12/2016

Abstract

This research project wants to test whether and why New Public Management does (not) matter for performance. The project builds on the management matters research line, but addresses its two major limitations. Primarily, our project will seek better theoretical explanations for correlations between management and performance. Secondly, by going beyond the statistical testing, we search the generative mechanisms of the relationship between NPM and performance by asking why, how and under what conditions management matters.

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Public Private Partnership and Public Accountability. 01/10/2012 - 30/09/2014

Abstract

During the 2004-2009 legislature, the Flemish Government launched a range of Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in different policy areas with a total sum of investments of around 6 billion EUR. PPP's are emblematic for a shift in public administration from Weberian bureaucracies to network arrangements with joint public and private involvement. By far the largest and most controversial project is the Masterplan for Mobility in Antwerp (estimated at 2.2 billion EUR), including the contested closing of the ring road by the 'Lange Wapper' viaduct. Although PPP is often portrayed as a technical management tool, more critical observers point to the lack of public accountability of such large infrastructure projects. Democratic control over public spending, it is argued, gets obfuscated. Through the in-depth case analysis of four important infrastructure projects in Flanders, we study the impact of the shift to PPP on public accountability. Cases are school buildings in a PPP (School invest) and a bureaucratic mode (Agion), and road infrastructure in a PPP (Via-invest) and a bureaucratic mode (Schipdonk Canal).

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Disability circuits in the public sector. 02/05/2012 - 01/11/2012

Abstract

This project represents a formal research agreement between UA and on the other hand the Flemish Public Service. UA provides the Flemish Public Service research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract.

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Research on models of cooperation for a coordinated urban and city regional housing policy. 01/02/2012 - 15/11/2012

Abstract

This project represents a formal research agreement between UA and on the other hand KULeuven. UA provides KULeuven research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract.

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Policy Research Centre Governmental Organization - Powerful Government (2012-2015). 01/01/2012 - 31/12/2015

Abstract

This project represents a formal research agreement between UA and on the other hand the Flemish Public Service. UA provides the Flemish Public Service research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract.

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Scientific research on specific problems regarding the legal status of the staff of provincial and local governments. 01/02/2011 - 30/06/2013

Abstract

This project represents a formal research agreement between UA and on the other hand Province of Antwerp. UA provides Province of Antwerp research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract.

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Public Private Partnership and Public Accountability. 01/10/2010 - 30/09/2012

Abstract

During the 2004-2009 legislature, the Flemish Government launched a range of Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in different policy areas with a total sum of investments of around 6 billion EUR. PPP's are emblematic for a shift in public administration from Weberian bureaucracies to network arrangements with joint public and private involvement. By far the largest and most controversial project is the Masterplan for Mobility in Antwerp (estimated at 2.2 billion EUR), including the contested closing of the ring road by the 'Lange Wapper' viaduct. Although PPP is often portrayed as a technical management tool, more critical observers point to the lack of public accountability of such large infrastructure projects. Democratic control over public spending, it is argued, gets obfuscated. Through the in-depth case analysis of four important infrastructure projects in Flanders, we study the impact of the shift to PPP on public accountability. Cases are school buildings in a PPP (School invest) and a bureaucratic mode (Agion), and road infrastructure in a PPP (Via-invest) and a bureaucratic mode (Schipdonk Canal).

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Prospective study on the establishment of a measurement and tracking system of local government. 09/03/2010 - 30/09/2010

Abstract

The first objective of the prospective study is to set out the answer to the question of the potential for a series of basic information gathering. It is striking that no 'systematic' (certainly no reliable) data are available to support the social partners in negotiations within Committee C (1) and / or in proving some legislative initiatives in the broadest sense. A solid database that also includes the impact of certain proposals, would already be a valuable realization. The second objective is the collection of a number of additional data which -in a combined basis- can be regarded as indicators for the implemented HRM. A final objective must be to allow local authorities to compare and benchmark.

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Credit for the Libraries in Social Sciences and Humanities (Faculty of Social Sciences). 15/09/2009 - 31/12/2012

Abstract

This project represents a research contract awarded by the University of Antwerp. The supervisor provides the Antwerp University research mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions stipulated by the university.

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Support of trial projects local ombudsman, including the adaptation of scenarios for local system of complaint handling. 01/06/2007 - 01/12/2008

Abstract

Support of trial projects local ombudsman, including the adaptation of scenarios for local system of complaint handling.

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Flemish Center for Policy Support - Public Management (2007-2011). 01/01/2007 - 31/12/2011

Abstract

The researchprogram 2007-2011containes four clusters: 1) Innovative policy, management and financial cycle; 2) HRM and change management; 3) Steering in networks of government, non profit and business; 4) Renewed relations between citizens and government.

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Project website

Principles of good governance and their impact on contract-based (labour) relations in the public sector: cats and dogs? 01/01/2007 - 31/12/2010

Abstract

This research project aims in the first place to answer the question if and to what extent the principles of proper administration are to be observed by the Government when it does not act unilaterally, but closes contracts. It also intends to measure the impact of the different principles of fair administration and other public law legislation in the more specific case when an employer of public law subscribes an employment contract. In this last case the interference between administrative law and labour law is the core issue.

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Study into the desirability and practical organization of the local Customer Complaints Procedure and the function of ombudsman in Flanders. 16/08/2006 - 15/05/2007

Abstract

Zie nederlandstalig abstract

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Complaint handling in Flemish local governments. A public administration analysis according to the 'exit-voice' theory. 01/10/2004 - 30/09/2005

Abstract

The relation between citizens and government is currently under pressure. Authorities share the perception of a problematic relation with citizens (the so-called `gap' between citizens and government). They also have the feeling that their democratic value and legitimacy has weakened. To bring politics, policy and government `closer to the citizen', various somewhat incoherent initiatives that must strengthen the influence of social actors on policymaking, are taken. Looking from a scientific point of view, this development is in agreement with the `exit-voice' theory of Hirschman. To prevent citizens who are dissatisfied from choosing `exit'-possibilities (e.g. vote for an ultra-right-wing party), authorities give shape to various `voice'-possibilities; they want to put channels at the citizens' disposal by which they can make their voices heard. In this context there is unmistakably a role reserved for complaint handling in local authorities. Also local authorities are confronted with the issue of legitimacy and feel the necessity to shape voice-mechanisms. Moreover, complaint handling is in fact most expected in local government. After all it is a `close-to-the-citizens'-government where conflicts between citizens and administration frequently occur. Complaint handling concentrates on the particular citizen who is not satisfied with a particular decision that matters to him. In this study, we take a close look at the social reality of complaint handling in local authorities. By means of a theoretical and fundamental study of the national and international literature concerning policy and management, we will define concepts and make an ideal representation of the system of local complaint handling. Then we will map systematically all the existing initiatives for complaint handling in local authorities. We will analyse the objectives that local authorities had in mind when they set up a system for complaint handling, just like the procedural characteristics and processes of local complaint handling. The results of this analysis will be compared with the ideal system developed during the first phase of the study. The findings of this research provide clearness about possible shortcomings and enable us to formulate concrete proposals for improvement, based on the insights we acquired within the scope of this study.

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01/10/2003 - 31/03/2004

Abstract

On the first of Januari 2002, the decree concerning the right of complaint vis-à-vis government institutions came into force. This decree gives every citizen the right to complain (free of charge) about the actions and functioning of a government administration. A careful dealing with complaints is thereby considered as an element of the principle of good management; a contribution to a better relationship between citizen and public administration and to an improvement of the quality of services. The decree concerning the right of complaint is an important step in the accomplishment of a comprehensive and necessary (internal) complaint service, proceeding an (external) second line complaint service provided by the Flemish ombudsman. The citizen first needs to complain by the administration as such, so the administration can solve the complaint. Only when the administration, according to the citizen, does not meets his needs, the Flemish ombudsman will deal with the complaint. This research evaluates the implementation of the decree concerning the right to complaint in the Flemish government. It provides a survey of the internal complaint services by the public administrations and examines whether there is an internal support for a professional complaint service.

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Study concerning contractual regulation of the legal position and application of the trade union statute. 01/07/2003 - 30/06/2004

Abstract

The area of tension between the statutory and the contractual employment in the public sector has never been as great as it is now. In theory it is clear: the normal mode of employment is by statute. In practice, however, more than half of the personnel at the local and provincial administrative level is employed under a civil contract of employment. It's not surprising then, that the parties concerned, for example trade unions and employers' organisations, argue in favour of a uniform regulation of the legal position. A step even further is a uniform regulation of the legal position, based on the generalized contractual employment, as in the private sector. This concept seems worth exploring and deserves an in-depth examination of possibilities and restrictions, considering the individuality of the public and private sector. The trade union statute obliges the different authorities to consult or to negotiate in advance with the representative trade unions about most measures they want to issue concerning the employment regulations of their personnel. With regard to the negotiations, general committees were set up, among which the committee for the provincial and local public services (committee C). Within this committee departments and subdepartments are active. We will explore the possibilities of concentrating the negotiations in committee C on the different subgroups that resort under it.

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Training Centre for EU Affairs Strengthening State Institutions for EU Membership. 01/01/2003 - 31/12/2003

Abstract

The "training centre for EU affairs" is part of a cooperation program between Flanders and Central and East Europe. The goal of this project is to start up an education centre to improve the knowledge and skills of Czech public servants about Europe in anticipation of the entry to the European Union in 2004. This way, the project supports the main goal of the Czech foreign policy: stimulating the necessary reforms for integration in the European Uninon. The intention of the Flemish government is to assist candidate member states like the Czech Republic with this goal.

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Administrative organisation in Flanders. 01/10/2001 - 31/12/2006

Abstract

In 2001, the Flemish government awarded the consortium comprising the K.U.Leuven (Public Management Institute), the Universiteit Antwerpen (Management and Administration Research Group), the Universiteit Gent (Social Scientific Methodology Research Group) and the Hogeschool Gent (Commercial Science and Public Administration Department) recognition as a Policy Research Centre for Governmental Organization in Flanders. Five research projects were executed by the University of Antwerp. These projects will be briefly discussed in the following paragraphs. 1. Research Line: Multi-actor governance: Evaluative research regarding the need for socialisation and professionalisation of the local policy level (2002-2006). The purpose of this research is to map out which specific forms of cultures and structures of policy development and creation of public support actually exist in local government; to evaluate the need for and desirability of further socialisation and professionalisation of policy making at local policy level; to develop prescriptive models and convert these into instruments, with a view to improving the effectiveness and legitimacy of local policy. 2. Research Line: Multi-actor governance: Europeanisation of the flemish administrative system (2002-2006). This research has the following objectives: to examine to what extent the Flemish administrative structures, cultures and policy have been Europeanised; and to make proposals regarding the strategies that Flanders can operate in order optimally to handle the European issue and, subsequently, in order also to influence it. 3. Research Line: ICT & e-Government: E-government in an extra-administrative context (2002-2006). Within this project, emphasis is placed on ICT as an interface between citizens (and, by extension, associations and companies) and the government. This interface assumes the form of e-service provision initiatives and e-democracy (e-participation) initiatives. The research asks which groups of citizens currently participate in e-democracy and e-service provision in order, on the basis of this, to inform the policy regarding strategies for a socially inclusive e-government policy. 4. Research Line: Human Resource Management & Changemanagement: Deregulation and decentralisation as catalysts for a modern and flexible human resource management (2002-2006). This project will focus primarily on the experiences of various actors in governments in other countries with particular remuneration systems. The starting point, in each case, is a detailed overview of the remuneration system of the relevant case on the basis of a single pattern of variables. This leads to a well-founded appraisal of the foreign cases as well as to an evaluation to what extent the remuneration systems found may be regarded as comparable, positive (to be emulated) or negative (to be avoided) examples for the Flemish situation. Any pitfalls, difficulties and opportunities that a modernised remuneration policy has entailed in other countries are then examined. The aspects of deregulation and decentralisation are also considered. 5. Research Line: Human Resource Management & Changemanagement: Reforms relating to deregulation & administrative simplification (2002-2006). The specific objective of the 'regulation management and administrative simplification' project component is to provide the Flemish government, by means of scientific research and analyses, with insights relating to the managing of regulation, deregulation and re-regulation, and also relating to processes of what is known as administrative simplification. In conclusion, there were also two B-projects conducted at the University of Antwerp. These were executed on a short-term. 1. Support analysis for the new municipal decree - qualitative part (2002): Under the authority of the Flemish minister of home affairs, the SBOV conducted a short-term research to examine the support for the major choices in the Flemish municipal decree. The analysis consists of two parts. In a survey with 1000 respondents, all mayors, secretaries, and a sample of 400 councillors were inquired. In a qualitative part, local politicians and public servants were interviewed to asses the opinions and attitudes. The research had two goals: examine whether and to what extent there is a need for change, and secondly to asses the opinions about the proposals for change. 2. Morphology of contractual employment in Flemish municipalities (2005-2006): The group of contractual employees in the local governments gradually exceeds the category of the statutory civil servants. At the moment there are not yet sophisticated data about the population of contractual employees. In order to get a careful insight in the composition of this group, the Universiteit Antwerpen develops a detailed database with relevant data about the contractual employees in the Flemish cities and municipalities (a.o. sex, age, function, type of contract, level, pay scale, benefits). The purpose of this database is to map the movements of employees. Furthermore, we can distinguish trends in the employment policies of local governments and provide for adequate policy measures.

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Local Government Manuals. 01/09/2001 - 31/08/2003

Abstract

Recently the research group Public Management & Administration has finished several empirical studies about the actual municipal management. The aim of this project is to transform the knowledge anti know-how of this research into prescriptive management techniques, by the creation of high standard pockets. With these pockets municipalities are enabled to answer the administrative expéctations towards local governments .

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    "The culture, psychological contract and legal status: essential driving forces in the federal modernization process" 01/01/2001 - 31/12/2002

    Abstract

    The above research project fits within a series of DWTC- studies of steering change processes. Based on empirical research this project aims at determining certain cultural features within the federal government and intends to detect possible differences depending on age, gender, occupational level, seniority and the legal status of employment. Also will be examined what particular expectations employer as well as employees have regarding their exchange relationship (psychological contract). Furthermore suggestions in the field of regulation will be put forward based on the existing empirical situation and on a political desirable situation regarding culture and objectives. The results of the research on the prevailing and the desirable culture as well as of the study of what perception employer and employees have of their psychological contract are vital for drawing up a new legal status. Only such a gradual approach can safeguard an enforced management of competences able to accelerate change processes and to improve performance in terms of efficiency and effectiveness.

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      01/12/2000 - 30/11/2002

      Abstract

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        Study about the deontological code of local public service 01/10/2000 - 30/09/2001

        Abstract

        The question of ethical conduct in public service has grown in people's perceptions. A growing sense of mistrust and an apparent decline of confidence in government and public service is observed among citizens. Pressures between traditional values and the roles public officials play, grow in a modern results-based public management enironment. The review of the rules and regulations applying public officials is necessary. New Public Management demands a redefinition of public service values and new codes of conduct. Important is the exchange of experience among officials. In this way, the approach should be top-down and bottom-up.

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          Ideal cultural profile for the integrated police services. 01/08/2000 - 30/11/2000

          Abstract

          The research aims to map and name the ideal organisational culture for the integrated police services. This cultural analysis could be used by a change agent supporting the cultural changes in the local police services.

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            Should the personal status of civil servants be reformed ? Comparative study of the possibilities and limitations of regularising labour relations in the private and public sector. 01/01/2000 - 31/12/2003

            Abstract

            The aim of the research is to formulate an essential contribution to the public debate on the legal position of civil servants. On the one hand, the research will focus on the basics of the statutory position of civil servants. On the other hand, the research will focus on those objective differences between public and private sector that could require an adaptation of the specific labour laws.

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            Governing-power Clarifies/d. 01/10/1999 - 30/09/2001

            Abstract

            The concept of governing-power expresses the ability of a government (i.c. municipalities) to realise a policy satisfying the needs of both the community and the citizen in accordance with the central values of the collectivity. It is our aim to find all factors which diminish governing-power, ranking them in order of importance. The main objective of the study is the creation of a kind of manual for local governments in order to avoid big losses of governing power. Only a higher amount of governing-power can restore the legitimacy of public bodies in the perception of citizens.

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              Integration of different police cultures. 01/12/1998 - 30/11/1999

              Abstract

              To create an efficient and effective police organisation, the integration of de different police cultures in the new integrated police organisation is an important issue. There fore we will investigate the different police cultures and look for communalities en differences. Based on the results of the survey and interviews we will formulate some recommendations for culture interventions

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                The implication of defederalizing cost-compensatory measures on welfare provisions, especially family benefits, for administrative and constitutional law. 01/12/1997 - 31/05/1998

                Abstract

                Family policy currently falls under the jurisdiction of the Communities. A branch of social security, family benefits are presently administered by the federal state. Aiming to provide a more coherent/ family policy, the Flemish Community had decided to transfer family benefits to the Communities. This study will examine how the transfer should be achieved. The current system, where employers pay the lion's share of contributions, has to be reformed. It will focus on the distributies of competence, enforcement of the principle of residence, provisions for residents in Brussels, alternative funding and organisation. The experience other countries have in this area will be drawn on. A draft decree will be submitted on the basis of the conclusions of the research.

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                  Governing-power Clarifies/d. 01/10/1997 - 30/09/1999

                  Abstract

                  The concept of governing-power expresses the ability of a government (i.c. municipalities) to realise a policy satisfying the needs of both the community and the citizen in accordance with the central values of the collectivity. It is our aim to find all factors which diminish governing-power, ranking them in order of importance. The main objective of the study is the creation of a kind of manual for local governments in order to avoid big losses of governing power. Only a higher amount of governing-power can restore the legitimacy of public bodies in the perception of citizens.

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                    Management of competence as personeel strategy in public organizations: prospects and limitations of performance appraisals as an instrument for an output orientated human resource management. 01/01/1997 - 19/12/1999

                    Abstract

                    The starting point of the research project is the idea that the quality of government can be improved. Because human capital is the most important resource for quasi every governmental organization to fulfil its assignments, personal factors determine the improvement of quality in provision of services. Recently we saw the introduction -voluntary or not- of job descriptions and competence profiles in several public organizations. Until now, however, links are seldom made between these instruments on the one hand and an integrated career policy and attached training policy on the other. The aim of this study is testing the ability of job descriptions and competence profiles to form a base for a performance oriented investigation of training demands. In connection to this, the study wants to test to what extent the results of this matching can support the career policy. The hypothesis behind this, is that it should be possible to use job descriptions and competence profiles to pursue an efficient training policy, in a way that it can also be useful to increase mobility.

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                      Juridicial training for civil servants in local and regional government. 01/01/1997 - 31/12/1998

                      Abstract

                      Most important factor is the foundation of the Institute for Manegement and Government. This institution aims to detect the needs for training and learning within the framework of the public sector. This is linked to the fact that most civil servants has gained the right for permanent education.

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                        The new civil servant : Actual evolutions and challenges for a (re)new(d) personeel management in public administration. 01/01/1997 - 31/12/1997

                        Abstract

                        A performance-oriented and entrepreneurial management of governement demands more attention on the `human aspects' of public administration. The basic assumption is that radical reforms won't bring along real change in actual practice when they are not inspired by human motivations. This is one of the reasons why the development of Human Resources Management has become an important objective for governemental organisations. As one expects the civil service will change fundamentally because of this evolution. Therefor it's important to keep observing this proces in scientific research. As one experiences, a lot of measures not always cause the right effects, and therefor may have unwanted consequences for the civil servants. This project focusses on different subjects: the development of training policy in regiona1 and local area, the `mobility' of -civil servants, responsibilisation by (policy)participation of civil servants and decentralization of authorities, leadership, etc. Also research on the consequences of these evolutions for the personnel statutes - and vice versa - the influence of governemental statutes on this proces, is included.

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                          The ideal municipality in 2002. 01/01/1997 - 31/12/1997

                          Abstract

                          Classical views on local governments do not fit anymore Belgian municipalities. Both territorially and functionally the used concepts for local government are rigid and rather minimalistic. There are many institutions which are not always adequate for present-day problems. Therefore it can be useful to use the concept of governance instead of government. Using this concept and taking into account its consequences asks for a renewed view on decentralised public bodies. The objective of this study is a normative model in order to modernist municipalities for the next century.

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                            Businnesslike governement : from bureaucratic tradition to public enterprise. 01/01/1997 - 31/12/1997

                            Abstract

                            Public administration has reached the stage of renewal now that the traditional bureaucratic model of governement no longer seems to be functional in present society where things are more and more considered in terms of performance, quality, profit, cost control and efficiency. Authorities must operate more businesslike from the perspective of total quality management. Structural and cultural reforms urge in public administration, which is getting more and more the character of an enterprise: professional management aimed towards a permanent tuning of the internal dynamics of governement in to external evolutions, is becoming one of the most important challenges. The purpose of this project is to search for effective and attainable reformstrategies and to analyse their possible effects on daily administration practice, by practically-oriented evaluative and preventive survey.

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                              Labour organisation in the framework of multimedia, its applications and implications in the area of social law. 01/10/1996 - 30/09/1999

                              Abstract

                              Telework is an a-typical form of labour which is very popular nowadays. However, telework in Belgium has caused a number of problems. This research seeks to provide a solution for the different problems which occur in the area of social law.

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                                01/01/1996 - 31/12/1997

                                Abstract

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                                  Attitude of teachers towards their career. 01/11/1994 - 31/10/1996

                                  Abstract

                                  In global this research-project contains three major aspects: in the first place context-items, in the second place items concerning the attitude of teachers towards their career and in the third place career aspirations. The attitude of teachers towards their career is explained by the context-items and forms the basis to describe and explore their major career aspirations. In addition, attention is given to the rol and the tasks of the schools and also of the Flemish government to meet these aspirations. The research-units are teachers at secundary level. As research method is used: a quantitative, structured questionnaire send to a representatif sample of the total Flemish teachers population.

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                                    Organization of training programs for the employees of the Society for Mechanography. 01/02/1992 - 31/05/1992

                                    Abstract

                                    A numpber of training sessions will be held for employees of the Society for Mechanography. They are entrusted with the processing of the social data of various social security institutions. Special emphasis will be on structures, information processing and cooperation with the junction databank of social security.

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                                      Study into the legal status of personnel of cities and social centres for public well-being, concentrating on the regulations that differ from the general rule of full-time employment. 01/12/1991 - 31/05/1992

                                      Abstract

                                      Study into the legal status of personnel of cities and social centres for public well-being, concentrating on the regulations that differ from the generale rule of full-time employment.

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                                      Research team(s)

                                        01/01/1990 - 31/12/1990

                                        Abstract

                                        Researcher(s)

                                        Research team(s)