Research team


Studies in the economic and financial history of Europe. Analyses of household behavior and their use of financial services in the past.

Mapping the Market. The Credit Transactions of Antwerp's Business Community in the 19th Century. 01/12/2022 - 30/11/2024


The financing of business in the nineteenth century did not necessarily require bank credit. Loans also flowed through alternative channels from lenders to borrowers. This pilot project investigates for Antwerp the size of the market for bank credit and non-bank credit throughout the 19th century. We place these credit transactions in the city's geography to examine how supply and demand found each other.


Research team(s)

Project type(s)

  • Research Project