1. The master should be able to identify the essence of a situation and to set up a working model. He/she must be able to make the necessary approaches and thus to think critically about the construction of models.
2. The master should be able to identify orders of magnitude in situations that are physically different but show analogies and in this way reuse known solutions in new problems.
3. The master is able to search and apply physics literature and other technical literature, as well as other resources that are relevant to research and technical project development. Proficiency in scientific English is mandatory.
4. The master is able to explore new areas through independent study.
5. The master is able to adapt existing models to new experimental data.
6. The master has a good understanding of the main physics theories (logical and mathematical structure, experimental support, described physical phenomena).
7. The master acquires an understanding of nature, of the way in which research in physics is performed, and how this research is applicable in many other domains such as engineering. He/she is able to design experimental and/or theoretical procedures to i) solve contemporary issues in academic or industrial research ii) improve existing solutions.
8. The master has a profound knowledge of the foundations of modern physics, such as quantum mechanics and so on.
9. The master understands and masters the use of the most common mathematical and numerical methods.
10. The master has a good knowledge of the current state of research in at least one active area of physics.
11. The master is able to perform calculations independently, even if this requires the use of a computer and the writing of a computer code.
12. The master is familiar with the main experimental methods and is able to independently conduct experiments, and to describe, analyze and critically evaluate the results.
13. The master can work in a team, is able to present his/her own research as well as results of literature research to both professionals and the general public.
14. The master can largely work independently and assume responsibility in terms of project planning and in the management of structures.
15. The master develops a personal sense of responsibility for assignments. He/she is able to acquire a professional flexibility by the wide range of scientific techniques in the curriculum.
16. The master is familiar with the main domains of physics and the techniques applied in multiple disciplines.
17. The master can keep up with new developments and methods and is able to provide professional advice on the possible applications of these developments.
18. The master improved his/her command of foreign languages by following courses taught in a foreign language, for example through exchange programs, and credits earned at other universities or research institutes.
19. The master is able to identify the social and ethical aspects of research and of professional activity in physics and its responsibility to protect the public health and the environment.
20. The master is familiar with 'the results of ingenuity', that is, the variety and enjoyment of physics discoveries and theories and in this way develops a feeling for the highest standards in research.