Research team

Development processes, actors and policies

Expertise

Provide policy supporting advice or expertise on economic or political issues in the Great Lakes Region of Central Africa.

Understanding the political economy of Congo's civil service remunerations and recruitment system. 01/01/2020 - 31/12/2023

Abstract

Despite an emphasis on strengthening the capacity of the public sector as a key policy component of the state-building approach in fragile states, the issue of public sector remunerations has received little attention. This empirical gap extends beyond the policy realm, as the scholarship dealing with African public governance has also remained silent on this issue. Addressing both gaps, this project explores the functioning of the Democratic Republic of Congo's wage bill and payroll system through an analytical framework building on the ethnographic tradition in the study of 'real governance' and 'negotiated statehood', applied to the back office bureaucracy of the central administration. We will focus on analysing the politics behind the allocation and (re)distribution of the wage bill in the DRC, particularly the system of public sector remunerations, both in terms of its composition and its sources. We concentrate on the degrees of differentiation across ministries, departments in five ministries targeted by civil service reform, while also examining the intersection of remunerations with ongoing policy reforms. In so doing, we address the empirical gap within the literature on African governance by providing an in-depth exploration of the system of public sector remunerations and recruitment processes in Congo's central bureaucracy, while also providing insights on the development implications that this system carries for international actors.

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Antwerp Interdisciplinary Platform for Research into Inequality: In search of equality. A socioeconomic examination within a global and historical framework (AIPRIL). 03/07/2019 - 31/12/2025

Abstract

This consortium proposal addresses the diverging fortunes of the rich, the poor and those in between. Our aim is to advance our understanding of how socioeconomic inequalities are changing, what is driving such trends and what, if anything, can be done. An undertaking of such ambition and complexity warrants an approach that combines state-of-the-art research from several disciplines. To that end, the current Methusalem grantee, the Centre for Social Policy Herman Deleeck, is joining forces with the Centre for Urban History and the Institute for Development Studies in the Antwerp Interdisciplinary Platform for Research into Inequality (AIPRIL) to continue and expand its work on the topic of socioeconomic inequality, enlarging the temporal and geographical scope this topic requires. We propose a seven year research program that seeks to make methodological, theoretical, and empirical advances in this rapidly evolving research field, building on insights from economics, sociology, economic history and development studies. The research program contains four strategically selected research streams: 1) New data and tools for the measurement of inequality; 2) Curbing inequality; 3) Urbanisation and Inequality; and 4) Shocks and Inequality.

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City scoping study on Bakavu for the African Cities Research Consortium. 01/02/2021 - 31/03/2021

Abstract

The study wants to identify a number of important local, regional and international determinants and drivers of urban development of Bukavu, on the basis of secondary sources. The objective is to start from this scoping study to define a more extensive empirical research phase at a later point in time.

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BOF Sabbatical Prof. De Herdt. 01/10/2018 - 30/09/2019

Abstract

I would like to deepen the topic of "real governance" of my research, in different ways. First of all, I want to scrutinize the real governance theme in terms of the literature on public governance, power and rationality in so-called developed countries. Usually, these countries are seen as the "model" for Southern countries, but this framing can be criticized through a real governance lens. After writing a concept paper on this theme. I want to apply by writing a research project on this theme, by organising a collective research & training initiative on the theme of "black Europe" and by completing a chapter on a critique of inequality of opportunity in my course book on poverty and inequality.

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Secure Livelihood Research Consortium - SLRC. 01/01/2017 - 31/12/2018

Abstract

This two-year research programme (1 January 2017- 31 December 2018) aims to further understand governance, service delivery and economic growth in the Democratic Republic of Congo. More particularly, it aims to understand policy implementation from national to local levels and generating lessons from what works in promoting positive change, and how to measure change. The research program will do this by tackling a range of sector-specific topics that link closely to the programs of DFID – DRC. Topics are thus chosen for their potential to contribute practical operational knowledge. At the same time, it is the ethos of the individual research projects to also address big cross-cutting questions of governance and state-society relations that might help inform DFID's broader discussions on how to engage in fragile states with weak governance.

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Scientific service delivery to E-CE CRE-AC 01/09/2016 - 31/08/2017

Abstract

To organise academic events for CRE-AC and to define the themes for these events; to organise the communication and outreach of CRE-AC and to co-edit a yearly publication of CRE-AC. To organise academic events for CRE-AC and to define the themes for these events; to organise the communication and outreach of CRE-AC and to co-edit a yearly publication of CRE-AC.

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In Quest for Effective Service Delivery: decentralization, district balkanization and local governance challenges for the next decade and in Uganda. 15/12/2014 - 14/12/2016

Abstract

This project represents a formal research agreement between UA and on the other hand VLIR. UA provides VLIR research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract.

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Analysis of the situation of children and women in DR Congo. 20/06/2014 - 30/09/2015

Abstract

This project represents a formal research agreement between UA and on the other hand Unicef. UA provides Unicef research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract.

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Research training in governance and public services. 01/06/2014 - 30/09/2016

Abstract

This project represents a formal research agreement between UA and on the other hand VLIR. UA provides VLIR research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract.

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IRC/DRC Governance Sector Strategy Analysis. 26/04/2013 - 08/05/2013

Abstract

This project represents a formal service agreement between UA and on the other hand ODI. UA provides ODI research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract.

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Credit for the Libraries in Social and Human Sciences (Institute of Development Policy and Management). 01/12/2012 - 31/12/2018

Abstract

This project represents a research contract awarded by the University of Antwerp. The supervisor provides the Antwerp University research mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions stipulated by the university.

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Partner Program for Institutional University Cooperation between the Catholic University of Congo and the Flemish universities, Phase I (2011-2013). 01/04/2011 - 31/03/2014

Abstract

This project represents a formal service agreement between UA and on the other hand VLIR. UA provides VLIR research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract.

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Programme pré-partenaire (2010) pour la Coopération universitaire institutionnelle entre l'Université Catholique du Congo et les universités flamandes. 01/05/2010 - 31/03/2011

Abstract

This project represents a formal research agreement between UA and on the other hand VLIR. UA provides VLIR research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract.

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    The crossborder informal economy in Sub-saharan Africa: criminalisation or survival? Case-study West Nile region. 01/10/2009 - 30/09/2012

    Abstract

    Cross-border informal trade is either seen as a 'weapon of the strong' , in which political and economic elites use this trade for private profit and/or financing criminal movements; or a 'weapon of the weak', through which marginalized sections of the population try to survive. By studying the 'real' cross-border informal economy (MacGaffey 1991), this postdoctoral project wants to analyse the tension between both approaches; because this discussion has important implications for processes of economic development and state formation far beyond border areas. The West Nile border area in (North Western) Uganda, bordering (North Eastern) Congo and (South West) Sudan is chosen as a case-study.

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      Informal public governance: The cases of primary education and urban agriculture in peri-urban Kinshasa (DRC). 01/02/2009 - 31/12/2010

      Abstract

      After a period of transition and civil war, the development priority goes to the reconstruction of the state structures. Yet, throughout the years, a system of 'informal' governance has been founded, which is accepted by the population and by the state. This research focuses on these forms of local governance in interaction with the existing and newly created state policy. Sectors of research are primary education and urban agriculture.

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        RDCO- Strategic policy support for post-conflict reconstruction in D.R. Congo. 01/12/2007 - 31/10/2010

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          Dialogues from North to South, about the State of the State. 15/10/2007 - 16/12/2007

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            Evaluation and external guidance of the "Zuidwerking van Broederlijk Delen". 01/06/2006 - 30/04/2007

            Abstract

            Evaluation and consultancy for the South Cooperation Program of the NGO Broederlijk Delen: analysis of its strategy and the operational instruments of community strengthening in the light of the recommendation of the 2002 program evaluation. Two reports are expected: one about the steps taken bij Broederlijk Delen to operationalise its concept of community strengthening within its partner program (relations with partner NGOs and target groups); a second one about the conceptualisation of 'community strengthening' in the context of the the programs for rural development and democratisation

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              A world of (in)difference. Debates on the Millennium Development Goals. 01/07/2005 - 31/03/2006

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                Renforcement des capacités académiques en économie et développement humain. 25/04/2005 - 24/04/2010

                Abstract

                Element central autour duquel le projet est formulé est le manque d'ancrage des activités académiques dans le domaine de l'économie politique et du développement humain a Kinshasa. D'abord, il y a actuellement un manque de renouvellement systematique des connaissances vis-a-vis des evolutions récentes de la science. Ensuite, il faut améliorer l'adapation de l'enseignement aux debouches potentiels des diplômés. Troisièmement -mais peut-etre de prime abord- il faut que l'université sait fournir des clés de lecture pour la situation réelle vécue dans le pays. Un projet d'initiative propre en collaboration avec la FED/FCK peut joiler un rôle important pour relever ce défi. D'abord, quant au renouvellement des connaissances scientifiques, le projet prévoit des stages de recyclage en Belgique , des sessions de formation à Kinshasa et un investissement dans la connection électronique du campus à l'intemet. Ensemble avec des innovations dans le système d ' évaluation de l' enseignement, celles-ci pourront également permettre des étudiants mieux instruits pour se lancer au marché du travail. Finalement, quant a l'ancrage dans la réalité vécue dans le pays, le projet prévoit des stimulants et une base infrastructurelle pour mieux articuler les efforts de recherche, entre autres en y incluant des possibilités de doctorat à bourse mixte. Un autre produit important sera la publication de quelques ouvrages-syllabus appliqués aux réalités aftricaines.

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                  01/06/2001 - 31/05/2002

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                    External support for the partnerprogram of the NGO-group 'Komyuniti' by means of critical analysis and synthesis of their program evaluation reports. 01/06/2001 - 31/12/2001

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                      The development crisis in Africa to the south of the Sahara. 01/01/1989 - 31/01/1999

                      Abstract

                      The regio to the south of the Sahara has been developing to the problem regio in the world. The aim of this study is to analyse the growing literature and advices with respect to the development problems in this regio, to subject them to a test, and ev. to modify or refine them, by a global economic analysis of one or some countries (Zaire, Rwanda).

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