Angelo Bertoni (Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Strasbourg), Ines Tolic (University of Bologna) and Thomas Renard (University of Nantes)
Journals, Town Planning, Transnational History
The session will explore the role played by town planning journals – issued by professional associations, academic and cultural circles or public institutions – in contributing to the construction and improvement of new knowledges and approaches about the city. These journals define the references and the professional knowledge, but also deal with claims of hegemony of different disciplines, such as sanitary engineering, municipal affairs, architecture or sociology, and by examining the contributions of their actors.
This process, developed from the turn of the 20th century, is characterized by local, national and international debates in the cultural areas of the most intense theoretical and practical commitment (i.e. France and Belgium; the United Kingdom and the United States; Austria and Germany; Spain and Portugal). A number of topics appeared in these journals: a tentative synthesis of sanitary, social and aesthetic requirements in the plans for rehabilitation and urban expansion; the post-war reconstructions; discussions and the promulgation of urban laws; recognition and protection of town planner as a profession; the town planning as a tool for colonial organisation, etc. Due to the possibilities of exchanges offered by technical progress, the international dimension stands out as a primary feature and will be interesting to explore similar processes in other cultural areas, considered as ‘peripheral’ (i.e. Latin-American or Asian Countries), adopting a transnational perspective.
The session aims to open a debate on town planning journals, focusing on the mutual influences and the different scales of design, from the city to the territory, which animated the commitment of these journals during the period between 1900 and 1960.
Papers dealing with the following topics will be considered:
- The genesis and life of the journals (origin, title, editorial structure, columns, international collaborations, connection with movements or professional associations etc.);
- The role of the journals in the circulation of town planning ideas, models and norms in national and international context (i.e. discussing congresses, events, competitions, etc.);
- The relevance of town planning topics in technical and municipal life journals;
- The journals as a place for theoretical debate and legislative proposal;
- The historiographic interpretations and questions about the construction and circulation of town planning knowledge.
The Questions of Hungarian Urban Planning in the First Third of the 20th Century presented by Journals of Historicist and Modern Architecture
Gábor György Papp (Institute for Art History of the Research Centre of the Humanities , Hungarian Academy of Sciences)
Competition, Town Planning, Budapest
Based on the evidence provided by two Hungarian architectural journals, my paper presents two urban design competitions whose goal was the transformation of public spaces in the capital of the country, Budapest. The way these journals presented the debates that surrounded the competitions exemplify two conflicting theories regarding urban space: a conservative-historicist view and a modernist one.
The “Urbanismul” Journal and the Establishment of Scientific Urban Planning in Romania
Toader Popescu ("Ion Mincu" University of Architecture and Urbanism, Bucharest)
Journals ,Town Planning, Romania
This paper will try to demonstrate the essential role that the “Urbanismul” journal (published in Bucharest between 1924 and 1942) played in Cincinat Sfințescu’s endeavor to create and develop scientific urban planning in Romania, by following its main professional interests and topics, its international references and its relation to local and international planning practice.
Athens- Johannesburg: Modern Town Planning and Greek Cultural Heritage in Technika Chronika and the South African Architectural Record
Emilia Athanassiou (National Technical University of Athens),Tina Karali (National Technical University of Athens) and Panagiotis Tournikiotis (National Technical University of Athens)
Journals, Town Planning, South Africa
This paper brings together two specialised journals, the Greek Technika Chronika and The South African Architectural Record, the official organs of the professional technical associations of Athens, Greece and Johannesburg, South Africa respectively that were propagandizing modern town planning theories alongside ancient Greek culture as interdependent axioms of modernity in the ’30s.
Journals of the New City: Building Networks of Urban Discourse in Germany between the Wars
Dima Vasiliki (National Technical University of Athens)
Journals, Town Planning, Germany
This paper examines the role of three German journals of the new city from 1926 to 1934: “Das neue Frankfurt”, “Das neue Berlin”, and “Die neue Stadt”. Through their pages, an international network of modern urban discourse is revealed, with new and radical architectural and urban directions, that were to be applied and further developed universally.
Metron: International Review of Architecture, 1945-1954
Valeria Casali (Politecnico di Torino)
Journals, Town Planning, Italy
The paper wants to investigate the contribution of the journal Metron (1945-1954) to the Italian post-war architectural and planning debate with specific insights on its effort of circulating exemplary international case studies for architecture and particularly urban design to inform the Italian reconstruction program.
Representation of Western Urbanism in Czechoslovak Architectural Press (1945-1960)
Lívia Gažová Masaryk (University, Brno)
Journals, Town Planning, Czechoslovak
Despite the Iron Curtain, Czechoslovak postwar urban planning discourse was not fully separated from the Western world, largely because of the idea transmission through architectural magazines. The paper shows how authors in the socialist environment represented Western concepts in official journals.