Assessment and grading

Exam format

To test the students' knowledge and understanding of the subject matter discussed in lectures or seminars, courses are assessed in various ways. Exam formats include the testing of both written and oral skills. In most cases, use of the books or course documents is allowed during the preparation time. Written exams may take the form of open, multiple-choice or essay-type questions. You find more information in the course descriptions in the study programme. By clicking on a specific course, you will find info on, amongst other, the content and the evaluation form.

Exam period

First session exams are held at the end of each semester (second and third week of January and end of May until mid-June).

Students who do not pass one or more exams in the first session, will be invited to register for second session examinations (i.e. retakes). These take place at the end of August and the beginning of September.


The Master programme at the Faculty of Law in Antwerp follows the ‘full credit system’ meaning that students need to successfully complete all parts of the programme to be awarded the degree ‘Master of Laws’.

This degree is equivalent to the Flemish degree of ‘master in de rechten’. For admission to the legal profession in Belgium, holders must also have a Belgian degree of Bachelor of Laws or qualify under the admission requirements for holders of a non-Belgian law degree. For more information, go to or

European Credit Transfer System (ECTS)

All courses at the University of Antwerp are assigned a number of credits, equal to the credits in the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS). Credits are awarded to a course on the basis of contact hours and workload.

As recommended by the Bologna declaration, a semester counts for 30 credits and a full academic year for 60 credits.

Grading system

Marks conversion table (Faculty of Law, University of Antwerp):

Mark (on 20) Description ECTS letter
20 - 19 - 18 - 17 maxima cum laude A
16 - 15 magna cum laude B
14 - 13 cum laude C
12 good D
11 - 10 pass with credit E
9 - 8 fail - some more work required F
7 or less fail - considerable further work required FX
AFW absent  
VER excused  
WTV legally detained, force majeure