After years of civil war, Burundi today is at peace (here defined as the absence of war or internal armed conflict). Its transition from armed conflict to peace was long, complex and at times chaotic. It came about step by step over more than a decade.
A first chapter includes the texts of the three main peace agreements, which are in turn composed of various protocols of agreement: the Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement signed in August 2000, the Global Ceasefire Agreeement with the CNDD-FDD signed in November 2003 and the Comprehensive Ceasefire Agreement with Palipehutu-FNL signed in September 2006.
A second chapter provides essential background information to the involvement of the United Nations in mediation, conflict resolution and peace consolidation in Burundi. This includes, in particular, the text of all UN Security Council resolutions on Burundi (starting with the first Resolution adopted on the situation in Burundi in August 1995) and the reports of the UN Secretary-General on the various peacekeeping and peace consolidation interventions (ONUB, later transformed into BINUB and BNUB). BNUB completed its mandate on 31 December 2014. On 13 February 2014, the Security Council adopted Resolution 2137 (2014) establising the UN Electoral Observation Mission in Burundi (MENUB). MENUB officially started its operations on 1 January 2015. Reports published by MENUB are classified in the section Elections, chapter Elections 2015.
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