Jaargang 2018 nr. 1

Inhoud

Justine Smithuis
Wi ghemene oudermanne van den ghemenen ghilden. Hoe de gilden hun centrale positie verwierven in het stadsbestuur van Utrecht, circa 1260-1340

Heidi Deneweth, Ward Leloup en Matthijs Speecke
Een versteende ruimte? De impact van stedelijke veranderingsprocessen op de sociale topografie van Brugge, 1380-1670

Werk in uitvoering

Sarah De Boeck, Matthijs Degraeve en Frederik Vandyck
Building Brussels. Een interdisciplinair onderzoek naar de Brusselse bouwsector, 1795-2015

Interview

Jelle Haemers en Hilde Greefs
Bedrijvige historici. Een interview met Erik Aerts en Herman Van der Wee

Review

Arie van Steensel, Chanelle Delameillieure, Thomas Delpeut, Hannelore Franck, Desiree Krikken, Dirk Lueb, Laura May, Sanne Muurling, Bob Pierik, Wout Saelens en Wout Vande Sompele
Stadsgeschiedenis in Belgische en Nederlandse historische tijdschriften (2016)

Abstracts

Justine Smithuis, Wi ghemene oudermanne van den ghemenen ghilden. How the craft guilds came to dominate local government in Utrecht, c. 1260-1340
This article analyses the political advance of the craft guilds in the episcopal city of Utrecht (Northern Netherlands) from the moment they first appear in the sources, in the 1260s, until the proclamation of Utrecht’s guild constitution in 1340-1341. Instead of focusing on the short episode of ‘guild revolution’ (in this city in 1304), longer-term developments are studied before and after this date, notably the evolution of political discourse, institutions and practices, as well as the related development of the city’s military organisation. In all these areas, it can be shown that the craft guilds in Utrecht developed a clear and unified strategy that led to the domination of their corporate discourse and institutions in local government around 1340. It is argued that the most important factors in this evolution were external political circumstances, notably a weak bishop and the antagonistic collaboration between patricians, ministerial families and the count of Holland in Utrecht’s hinterland, as well as the successful integration of the burgher and guild community. For the success of the guilds in Utrecht and other middle-sized episcopal cities, political factors seem to have been more important than economic ones.

Heidi Deneweth, Ward Leloup and Mathijs Speecke, Petrified Space? The impact of urban transformation processes on the social topography of Bruges, 1380-1670
In this article, we analyse the evolution of rental values in Bruges between 1382, 1583 and 1667. Although the street pattern and the built environment barely changed during the period under scope, housing was much more elastic than previously assumed. Houses were joined and split up (city centre) or built and demolished (periphery) as a reaction to economic, social, demographic, political and religious change, which was in turn reflected in demand and supply on the real estate market. Whereas the social topography of 1382 still reflects a Sjobergean pattern with a strong distinction between the city centre, the main entrance roads and the more peripheral areas, the situation in 1583 and 1667 establishes a mixed pattern of housing over the entire city. Although this suggests more equal and ameliorated housing conditions, a substantial decrease of ownership indicates that access to property was problematic and social segregation was higher than reflected in housing values alone.

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