Jaargang 2018 nr. 2

Inhoud

Margo Buelens-Terryn en Christophe De Coster
Mag het iets stiller? De bestrijding van geluidshinder te Antwerpen, 1540-1910

Rachel Schats
Ziekte en gezondheid in middeleeuws Holland en Zeeland. Een osteoarcheologisch perspectief op het ‘urban graveyard-effect’

Werk in uitvoering

Danielle van den Heuvel, Bob Pierik, Bébio Vieira Amaro en Antonia Weiss
The Freedom of the Streets. Nieuw onderzoek naar gender en stedelijke ruimte in Eurazië (1600-1850)

Review

Ilja Van Damme, Heidi Deneweth, Hilde Greefs, Minne De Boodt, Thomas Delpeut, Paul Klep, David Peleman, Maartje van Gelder, Jeannette Kamp, Thomas Vanoutrive, Arie van Steensel en Toon Vrints
Stadsgeschiedenis in buitenlandse tijdschriften (2017)

Abstracts

Margo Buelens-Terryn en Christophe De Coster, Can it be a little quieter? Combatting noise pollution in Antwerp, 1540-1910
Noise pollution has always been a characteristic feature of the urban environment. Historiography concerning the historical evolution of attitudes and reactions towards noise pollution has grown strongly during the past decades. However, too often, historians propose linear paradigms that lack adequate comparison between historical periods. In this article we want to challenge such views by a long-term perspective, using the city of Antwerp as a case-study. Based on a wide range of sources such as petitions, police records and urban legislation, we evaluate reactions and views towards noise pollution during the early modern period and the long nineteenth century to discern its multilayered meaning in the past. In doing so, we focus on social and spatial structures in the city. Our main findings suggest that during the long period under scrutiny, the meaning of noise pollution altered according to different social and temporal contexts. Moreover, the many similarities between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries lead us to conclude that a linear perspective on noise pollution is hardly tenable.

Rachel Schats, Disease and health in medieval Holland and Zeeland. An osteoarchaeological perspective on the urban graveyard effect
In early modern European cities deaths outnumbered births, a phenomenon commonly referred to the urban graveyard effect. While most of the research concerning this concept is focused on the modern period, the results are regularly extrapolated to the late medieval towns in Europe. By studying health and disease in human skeletal remains from three different rural and urban collections in Holland and Zeeland, this research will bring to light medieval disease patterns in both town and country. In doing so, this study will be able combine biological information of individuals with historical contextual information and can thereby contribute to the urban graveyard debate.

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