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Eduard Van Steenbergen (1889-1952) tussen Modernisme en Regionalisme: van Architecturale Paradigma’s tot een Lezing van het Publieke in Deurne (23/11/2021)

Pieter Brosens

  • 23 november 2021
  • Aula Dieperik - s.MU.K1.6
  • Promotoren: Lombaerde Piet, De Vos Els

Abstract

​Het kwalitatief hoogstaande oeuvre van de lokale modernist Van Steenbergen – historisch en theoretisch in grote mate onontgonnen - vormt een uitstekende casus om architecturale realisaties tussen het regionalisme en modernisme in het interbellum in Vlaanderen beter te begrijpen, omdat het representatief is voor het tijdscharnier waarin het ontstond.

Het uitgangspunt in dit onderzoek is dat de eigenheden van het modernisme en van het regionalisme niet exclusief besloten liggen in de historische canons of theoretische kaders, maar vooral in de lokale verschijningsvormen van grotere narratieven. We volgen Alan Colquhouns opvatting dat de ware betekenis van de moderne beweging vervat ligt in ‘het onbewuste substraat van de theorie’, die in het architecturale werk herkend moet worden. De theoretische blik wordt dus ingezet om te interpreteren hoe Van Steenbergens persoonlijke engagement zich vormelijk vertaalt in een lokale context. Hiertoe worden de drie belangrijke vormgerelateerde paradigma’s van de Moderne Beweging – het expressieve, het functionalistische en het monumentale – gebruikt om drie casestudy’s in Deurne (Antwerpen) te onderzoeken: de Unitas Tuinwijk (1923-1932), het Koninklijk Atheneum (1936-1940) en het Gemeentehuis van Deurne (1947-1964). We bestuderen de architectuur van drie publieke programma’s met de focus op hun vormelijke relaties tot de openbare ruimte en het stedenbouwkundige niveau. Het betreft een micro-geschiedenis waarin in elke case een synchronische studie plaatsvindt aan de hand van een welbepaald paradigma; de mengvormen van de drie paradigma’s beschrijven het diachronische verhaal doorheen het oeuvre.

We concluderen dat Van Steenbergens verhouding tot het modernisme en regionalisme niet zozeer gaat over vormkenmerken, maar wel over attitudes, adaptieve posities en strategieën waarmee hij zich tegenover een vormvraagstuk plaatst. En het zijn paradigma’s als het expressieve, het functionalistische en het monumentale waarmee hij deze attitudes in vorm(verandering) omzet. Met de pragmatische toepassing van deze vormkenmerken en hun mengvormen in de drie ontwerpen, positioneert zijn architectuur zich in diverse hoedanigheden tegenover het publieke en de gemeenschap. De praktijk van Van Steenbergen is een continu proces van negotiëren: vorm, schaal, en programma worden in relatie tot sociaal-maatschappelijke en contextuele niveaus steeds opnieuw uitgedacht. Het oeuvre van de architect toont treffend hoe de dialectiek tussen het modernisme en het regionalisme kenbaar wordt in de vormelijke en inhoudelijke transformaties van de paradigma’s en gematerialiseerd wordt in de plaatsgebonden benadering van de opdracht.


Cleaning of Wall Paintings by Polyvinyl alcohol–Borax/Agarose (PVA–B/AG) Double Network Hydrogels: Characterization, Assessment, and Applications (29/11/2021)

Ehab Alemam

  • 29 november 2021
  • 9 am
  • Promotoren: prof. dr. Joost Caen en prof. dr.  Koen Janssens

Abstract

Wall paintings make up an important section of cultural heritage. They resemble time portals that can be used to travel back into the past and witness the life of our ancestors. In these paintings, the ancient artists depicted the different aspects of their life, such as cooking, baking, farming, manufacturing, as well as thoughts and beliefs. Unfortunately, wall paintings are susceptible to degradation over time in the form of accumulations of dirt and deposits on the painted surfaces and loss of adhesion of the paint layers at the surface. Therefore, the removal of these deposits is one of the main duties of conservator-restorers. Such operations are intended to restore the painted surface to a condition close enough to its original state.

Since cleaning artworks may cause undesirable physicochemical alterations and is a nonreversible procedure, the proper cleaning procedure should be adopted. In this regard, numerous gels have been developed and exploited for the cleaning of various artwork surfaces. Lately, polyvinyl alcohol-borax (PVA-B) and agarose (AG) hydrogels have been widely employed as cleaning tools by conservator-restorers. Both hydrogels showed limitations in specific cleaning practices. In this work, we investigated a new double network hydrogel based on blending PVA-B and agarose to avoid the limitations posed by the constituting hydrogels.

For this reason, a detailed characterization of the PVA–B/AG double network hydrogel was performed, including chemical structure, liquid phase retention, mechanical strength, rheological behavior, and self-healing behavior of various PVA-B/AG hydrogels. These new hydrogels revealed better properties than PVA-B and agarose hydrogels and obviated their limitations.

A laboratory experiment on the removal of deteriorated Paraloid® B72 proved that the PVA-B/AG hydrogel, loaded 10%/10% MEK/1-PeOH, was able to efficiently remove these layers. Therefore, the hydrogel was tested on a wall painting from the Temple of Seti I at Abydos – Egypt. It removed the glossy/darkened consolidant from the wall painting and restored the original matt appearance of the painted surface.

In another application on the painted ceiling of the same temple, the hydrogel was tested for removing thick soot layers. The hydrogel formulation (loaded with 5% ammonia, 0.3% ammonium carbonate, and 0.3% EDTA) succeeded in removing these layers with no noticeable damage to the paint layers.

In a wide-scale application of the hydrogel (loaded with 10% propylene carbonate), it removed a highly deteriorated varnish layer from a 19-c wall painting. All the traditional cleaning methods employed caused damage to the paint layers, which proves that gel cleaning can be a safer cleaning alternative in some cases.

From Sociobiology to Urban Metabolism. The Interaction of Urbanism, Science and Politics in Brussels (1900-1978)

Koenraad Danneels

  • 22 June 2021
  • 5:00 p.m. - 7:00 p.m.
  • Online defence
  • Supervisors: prof. dr. Bruno Notteboom, prof. dr. Greet De Block, prof. dr. Mario Rinke

Abstract

Today, urbanism and urban design are engaging in a productive alliance with the natural sciences, leading to the international rise of ecological forms of urbanism. In the Brussels region, socio-ecological approaches are rethinking the urban landscape through a biological perspective, and the turn towards landscape design as well as metabolic schemes and circular economy goals show that the region has become a telling manifestation of these evolutions. Still, the implications of these interactions remain unclear, and this dissertation therefore provides the necessary historical background to understand and critically assess today’s alliance of ecology and urbanism.

Indeed, while this use of ecology in urbanism, planning and design seems new and innovative, the history of Brussels – a crossroads of ideas and practices in urbanism – is littered with examples in which disciplinary constellations of urbanists, landscape designers, scientists and politicians created ‘ecological’ or ‘environmental’ forms of urbanism theory and prac­tice. After the First World War, urbanists and landscape architects started to design garden cities fusing urban housing and rural landscapes in the vicinity of Brussels, based on sociobiological urban theories. In the post-Second World War period highway construction centred around Brussels created possibilities for landscape designers to rethink and redesign the green structure of the city. In the 1970s, the advent of urban ecology in Brussels as a new scientific field went hand in hand with new zoning plans, rethinking the city-nature dichotomy through new regional planning policies. All these episodes of environmental forms of urbanism were created by specific historical constellations of actors working on urban questions in Brussels.

This dissertation delves into these particular episodes of Brussels’ urban history and zooms in on the work and network of three experts – urbanist Louis Van der Swaelmen, landscape architect René Pechère, and urban ecologist Paul Duvigneaud – who serve as entry points to map the alliances of disciplines that created different hybrid urbanism theories. It tracks down the different uses of ecological discourses in urbanism and unearths the political aspects of ecological urban design. This research therefore builds a critical historical reflection on ecological urbanism theory and gives insight into the ways in which socio-ecological ideas and concepts find traction and are reshaped by urban de­sign and the urban reality.

To be or not to be an entrepreneur? What drives or hinders an entrepreneurially capable individual to step into active entrepreneurship? ​​​​​​​A muli method, multi perspective analysis


Francis Dams

  • 26 May 2021
  • 4.30 p.m. - 6:30 p.m.
  • Online defence
  • Supervisors: prof. dr. Jesse Segers, prof. dr. Alex Jacoby

Abstract

The question “Why do some and not others become entrepreneurs?” has been broadly researched. Paradoxically, entrepreneurial propensity and entrepreneurial capability do not seem to go together automatically. This PhD research investigated the development of entrepreneurial propensity among individuals who possess strong entrepreneurial capabilities. The call for ambitious entrepreneurship justifies to research the activation of nonentrepreneurs who are positioned high on the entrepreneurial capability dimension. 

Qualitative research broadened our scope with insights given by the target group of entrepreneurially capable individuals. The results of the quantitative research allow us to present conclusions, that are concise and simple. The work also suggests how these answers can be further applied by individuals, career coaches and policymakers.

Architect, Engineer or Builder? A history of professional demarcation through practice and discourse, Pune (India) 1930-1992 - Sarah Melsens (16/12/2020)

Sarah Melsens

  • 16 december 2020
  • 3 p.m. - 5 p.m.
  • Online defence

Abstract

Today, urbanism and urban design are engaging in a productive alliance with the natural sciences, leading to the international rise of ecological forms of urbanism. In the Brussels region, socio-ecological approaches are rethinking the urban landscape through a biological perspective, and the turn towards landscape design as well as metabolic schemes and circular economy goals show that the region has become a telling manifestation of these evolutions. Still, the implications of these interactions remain unclear, and this dissertation therefore provides the necessary historical background to understand and critically assess today’s alliance of ecology and urbanism.

Indeed, while this use of ecology in urbanism, planning and design seems new and innovative, the history of Brussels – a crossroads of ideas and practices in urbanism – is littered with examples in which disciplinary constellations of urbanists, landscape designers, scientists and politicians created ‘ecological’ or ‘environmental’ forms of urbanism theory and prac­tice. After the First World War, urbanists and landscape architects started to design garden cities fusing urban housing and rural landscapes in the vicinity of Brussels, based on sociobiological urban theories. In the post-Second World War period highway construction centred around Brussels created possibilities for landscape designers to rethink and redesign the green structure of the city. In the 1970s, the advent of urban ecology in Brussels as a new scientific field went hand in hand with new zoning plans, rethinking the city-nature dichotomy through new regional planning policies. All these episodes of environmental forms of urbanism were created by specific historical constellations of actors working on urban questions in Brussels.

This dissertation delves into these particular episodes of Brussels’ urban history and zooms in on the work and network of three experts – urbanist Louis Van der Swaelmen, landscape architect René Pechère, and urban ecologist Paul Duvigneaud – who serve as entry points to map the alliances of disciplines that created different hybrid urbanism theories. It tracks down the different uses of ecological discourses in urbanism and unearths the political aspects of ecological urban design. This research therefore builds a critical historical reflection on ecological urbanism theory and gives insight into the ways in which socio-ecological ideas and concepts find traction and are reshaped by urban de­sign and the urban reality.

Ideating Hybrid Product Service Systems - Dries De Roeck (21/10/2020)

Dries De Roeck

  • 21 oktober 2020
  • Link: https://studiodott.be/2020/10/07/baekeland-doctoraat/


BUILT____to CONSTRUCT - Frederik Vandyck (24/09/2020)

​Frederik Vandyck

  • 24 September 2020

A Multidimensional Approach to Knowledge Management for New Product Development - Sarah Rohaert (21/08/2020)

​Sarah Rohaert

  • 21 augustus 2020

The transformative potential of land use conflicts. Unravelling processes of politicisation and depoliticisation - Elisabet Van Wymeersch (03/07/2020)

​Elisabet Van Wymeersch

  • 3 juli 2020

European Lacquers – Historical Sources, Recipes and Practices in Early Modern Europe - Vincent Cattersel (17/12/2019)

​Vincent Cattersel

  • 17 december 2019
  • Departement Erfgoed

To be seen – Nubian displacement and the en-gendered resistance in public space - Menatalla Ahmed (30/09/2019)

​Menatalla Ahmed

  • 30 september 2019
  • Promotoren: Els De Vos en Johan De Walsche

Product-service system design: a synthesis approach - Ivo Dewit (12/09/2019)

Ivo Dewit

  • 12 september 2019
  • Promotoren: Prof. dr. Alexis Jacoby en Prof. dr. Paul Matthyssens

Abstract

Every day, technological changes, social issues, the environment and well-being challenge business and governments worldwide, so that user expectations and the new normal evolve faster and faster. Organizations cannot help but follow this evolution and are forced to adapt and explore new avenues for innovation through the design and development of product-service systems (PSS). PSS makes it possible to design new systems and explore innovative interactions between consumers, their experience with new product-service combinations and their providers. With the synthesis approach (integration of product and service), we focus on a few foci in this study. In addition to exploitation, the exploration of new possibilities in designing PSS is crucial for the survival and development of organizations in the long term. This exploration must be done in the early stages of innovation (FEI). Finally, and in contrast to predominantly economic or ecological motives, we focus in this study on the experience of the user as a distinguishing factor, its importance and meaning in their lives.

This design research is about products and services merging, and exploring new systems emerging. Based on design research as a research strategy, this dissertation focuses on an integrated approach to designing PSS. With this we define a PSS logic and associated preconditions (relevant regulations) to support the design process, and create a PSS design toolkit (usable approach) to enable the synthesis between product and service, instead of maintaining the dichotomy.

The resulting PSS design toolkit integrates human centered design, interaction design, and systems thinking in one methodology and takes its user (s) through three phases. The first phase serves to understand the context and to determine the goal, a second phase to conceive and develop new products, services and systems to the level of a final concept, and a third phase to simulate the scenario, relevant to and in the context of the user. Each step in the PSS design process is intended to motivate activity, which in turn will generate new goals and situations, and each time offers a new starting point for the design. With an emphasis on context, interrelationships and the whole, we prepare future generations of designers for challenges associated with the design of product-service systems.

De vroege hydrografie van de stad Gent, een geomorfologisch en historisch onderzoek van de menselijke ingrepen in de waterhuishouding van het middeleeuwse Gent - Frank Gelaude (05/12/2018)

​Frank Gelaude

  • 5 december 2018
  • Promotoren: Tim Soens en Piet Lombaerde

Een sentiment voor architectuur - Belichaamde architecturale kennis onderwijzen en leren tijdens de dialoog in de ontwerpstudio - Marjan Michels (30/11/2018)

​Marjan Michels

  • 30 november 2018
  • Promotoren: Nathalie Vallet en Erik Wieërs

GENUS LOCUS NEXUS - An inquiry into the nature of research in architectural design education - Johan De Walsche (19/11/2018)

​Johan De Walsche

  • 19 november 2018
  • Promotor: Nathalie Vallet

Experiential qualities in architecture - Dirk Van Oosterwyck (29/06/2018)

​Dirk Van Oosterwyck

  • 29 juni 2018

Planning in de hyperdiverse stad. Focusgroepen als katalysator voor lokale kennis - Katrijn Apostel (04/06/2018)

​Katrijn Apostel

  • 4 juni 2018

The Realm of Silence - Caterina Verdickt (29/05/2018)

​Caterina Verdickt

  • 29 mei 2018
  • Promotoren: Prof. dr. ir. Arch. Els De Vos en Prof. dr. ir. Lara Schrijver

Abstract

Consequences for the Belgian artistic migration towards Great Britain during the Great War on post war Belgian interior design.

Historical Copper- and Lead Alloys at the Platin-Moretus Museum, Antwerp - Patrick Storme (26/01/2018)

​Patrick Storme

  • 26 januari 2018
  • Promotoren: Joost Caen en Karolien De Wael

Advancing Interiors - Interiorist voices on identity issues - Inge Somers (19/09/2017)

Inge Somers

  • 19 september 2017

The application of 3D anthropometry for the development of headgear: a case study on the design of ergonomic brain-computer interfaces - Daniël Lacko (20/03/2017)

​Daniël Lacko

  • 20 maart 2017
  • Promotoren: UAntwerp: Prof Stijn Verwulgen, Prof Jan Sijbers en KU Leuven: Prof Marc M. Van Hulle