For Schumpeter (1954), an economic crisis is a moment for ‘creative destruction’ in which old parts of the economy are destroyed, thereby allowing the emergence of new forms. By looking at what emerges from a crisis, in relation to what is destroyed, shifts become apparent. 

A crisis is a turbulent time and there is the danger that the innovation, developed in the crisis, will not be noticed and thus registered as such. Relating this to urban design entails that the knowledge, developed within alternative ways of urban development during the crisis, could be lost.

This PhD starting hypothesis is that since the 2008 financial and economic crises, alternative ways of urban development took place, which resulted in several shifts (new actors, instruments, themes or programs) in the development of strategic projects. By means of case studies in three European second tier cities, the goal of this PhD is to capture these shifts and indicate their influence on urban design. 

Researcher(s): David Dooghe
Commissioned by: Vereniging Deltametropool
Period: 2015 - present
Partner(s): Tom Coppens (UAntwerpen), Maarten Van Acker (UAntwerpen), Rients Dijkstra (TUD), Zef Hemel (UVA) 


Multi Actors Model applied to regulated capitalism (middle) and neo-liberalism (right)

Case study Lyon: overview of projects, subdivided by actors: state (red) or market (blue)

Case study Lyon (detailed map) overview of projects, subdivided by actors: state (red), market (blue) or third sector (green)