Nature Smart Cities is a project funded by the European Union through its Interreg 2 Seas programme. The project brings together city partners from Belgium, the Netherlands, France and the UK, and academic partners from the Universities of Ghent and Antwerp, and Imperial College London, to work together on maximising the potential for smaller cities to engage more fully with nature-based solutions to environmental problems, using green infrastructure. The project is funding several pilot projects exploring green infrastructure solutions in smaller cities, and is also developing a business model aimed at helping officers in smaller cities to make a stronger business case for green solutions, both in terms of ecosystem service delivery and also financial comparison with more traditional approaches. The project is described in more detail at

Nature Smart Cities has received funding from the European Union’s Interreg 2 Seas Programme under grant agreement No. 2S05-048”

Business Model

With the Nature Smart Cities business model, we contribute to estimating the value of green infrastructure in urbanized environments. Through the automated Excel tool, users walk through different steps to explore the multi-benefits of a green infrastructure project and get some insights on how their project may be optimized even further!

The end product of the business model is a factsheet, that serves as a communication tool.

The step-by-step guidance, which takes you through every step of the business model can be downloaded here:

For further information on the methods that the Nature Smart Cities business model utilizes, including academic references and the data sources used, you can consult our Technical Manual.



Dr. Jan Cools

Research manager at IMDO (Institute for Environment and Sustainable Development)

Tel. 032653922 -


Prof. Dr. Ir. Steven Van Passel

Faculty of Business and Economics (FBE) / Dep. Engineering Management

Tel. 032654895 -


Prof. Dr. Ir. Roeland SamsonFaculty of Science / Dep. Bioengineering

Tel. 032653437 -


Wito Van Oijstaeijen (PhD student)

Faculty of Business and Economics (FBE) / Dep. Engineering Management

Tel. 032654139 -