Join us for a workshop focused on answering the complex questions surrounding extraterritorial human rights obligations. While the notion of such obligations is widely accepted, the scope and legal consequences of these obligations remain unanswered. This workshop will take a practical approach by examining the extraterritorial responsibilities of states in two policy realms: business and human rights and climate change.
Through case studies and analysis, we will explore the extent of multinational corporations' responsibility to respect human rights, the legal obligations of states to regulate extraterritorial operations, and the impact of Climate Change on Human Rights.
Don't miss the opportunity to engage in this important conversation and contribute to the advancement of extraterritorial human rights obligations.
Day 1: Business and Human Rights (June 26)
From 9 AM to 12 PM (EDT) – 3 PM to 6 PM (CEST)
Moderator: Mark Gibney (University of North Carolina-Asheville)
The panel of experts:
1) Dalia Palombo (University of Tilburg), “Climate Change: from Radical Chic to Unifying Cause in Business & Human Rights”
2) Joseph Wilde-Ramsing (Director of Advocacy at SOMO, Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations) “Business and Human Rights Developments in Europe”
3) Rachel Chambers (University of Connecticut) “Extraterritorial Implications of Due Diligence Laws”
4) David Pred (Inclusive Development International) “Following the Money to Justice”
5) Sara Seck (Dalhousie University), "A relational approach to ETOs and transnational business in a time of ecological crisis"
Day 2: Climate change (June 27)
From 9 AM to 12 PM (EDT) - 3 PM to 6 PM (CEST)
Moderator: Mark Gibney (University of Asheville, North Carolina)
The panel of experts:
1) Margaretha Wewreinke-Singh (University of Amsterdam), "Confronting Human Rights Law with Climate Injustice: Towards Universality?"
2) Gerry Liston (Global Legal Action Network) “The Portuguese Youth4ClimateJustice case before the European Court of Human Rights”
3) Lisa Benjamin (Lewis and Clark School of Law), “Corporate Climate Litigation in the U.S.”
4) Coleen Scott (Inclusive Development International) “The ‘Stop EACOP Campaign, and the IFC and Philippine Coal”
Abstract of the two days event
While the notion that states possess extraterritorial human rights obligations is no longer seriously challenged, what remains unanswered are several questions, including when extraterritorial obligations arise, the scope and extent of these obligations, and finally, the legal consequences if a state fails to meet its obligations. Of course, these questions add a great deal of complexity because states will nearly always have overlapping responsibilities.
This workshop aims to make some headway in answering these questions, also by looking into the mining industry case study. Rather than taking a top-down theoretical approach, the workshop will focus on two policy realms that each have a heavy extraterritorial component, but also where a wide array of states have either contributed to a human rights violation in some other state or else are in a position to help provide human rights protection to those outside its borders.
Business and Human Rights: Multinational corporations (MNCs) exercise tremendous economic and political power. MNCs have been able to operate in the Global South with far fewer regulations and constraints than they do in the Global North. For decades, the United Nations created one soft law instrument after another to address these issues, but with little to show for this.
The Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights represent the latest UN initiative. They go further than earlier versions by positing that MNCs have a responsibility to respect human rights. However, the Guiding Principles take a conservative approach in terms of the extraterritorial responsibilities of states by concluding that while a “home” state could regulate the extraterritorial operations of their MNCs, international law does not require them to do so. The Maastricht ETO Principles read existing international law much differently, positing that not only does the “home” state have such an obligation, but that any state that can provide a measure of “decisive influence” over a corporation as a way of avoiding the violation of human rights standards has a legal obligation to do so.
In 2014, the UN Human Rights Council established a working group to develop a binding treaty to regulate MNCs, and the drafting of such a treaty continues. In addition, several domestic initiatives have been, such as France’s “vigilante” law, which seeks to change the relationship between a parent corporation and its subsidiaries.
Climate Change: Few would question that climate change is – and will continue to be – the world’s leading “human rights” issue. In so many ways, climate change represents the paradigm of why the recognition of extraterritorial obligations is so important in that actions in one state are having an enormous influence on whether individuals in other states receive human rights protections. Of course, what adds to this is that states that produce the lowest levels of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) are invariably those states most negatively affected by climate change. The larger point is that GHG emissions do not respect territorial borders and any attempt to address climate change solely through territorial means will simply fail.
Publication on Extraterritorial Human Rights Obligations.
The Routledge Handbook on Extraterritorial Human Rights Obligations brings international scholarship on transnational human rights obligations into a comprehensive and wide-ranging volume. Each chapter combines a thorough analysis of a particular issue area and provides a forward-looking perspective of how extraterritorial human rights obligations (ETOs) might come to be more fully recognized, outlining shortcomings but also best state practices.
It builds insights gained from state practice to identify gaps in the literature and points to future avenues of inquiry.
The Handbook is organized into seven thematic parts: conceptualization and theoretical foundations; enforcement; migration and refugee protection; financial assistance and sanctions; finance, investment and trade; peace and security; and environment.
Chapters summarize the cutting edge of current knowledge on key topics as leading experts critically reflect on ETOs, and, where appropriate, engage with the Maastricht Principles to critically evaluate their value 10 years after their adoption.
The Routledge Handbook on Extraterritorial Human Rights Obligations is an authoritative and essential reference text for scholars and students of human rights and human rights law, and more broadly, of international law and international relations as well as to those working in international economic law, development studies, peace and conflict studies, environmental law and migration.
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